Physiology Since Pavlov

Gantt, W. Horsley
December 1941
New Republic;12/1/41, Vol. 105 Issue 22, p728
Focuses on physiologist Ivan Petrovich Pavlov and his chief discovery of the conditioned reflex. Exemplification of the embryological development of the individual by Pavlov; Statement that Pavlov made his great advances in the physiology of secretion as a result of the ingenious method he used to study secretion in the normal, intact healthy animal; Discussion of Pavlov's contributions to the study of the mental life; Difference between animal automaton and man; View of Pavlov that the physiological, or unconditioned reflex, secretion to be of the same order of phenomena as the psychical, or conditioned reflex; Fact that the fundamental and difficult discovery that a gland can be used as a quantitative index of excitation and inhibition in the brain; Emphasis on the fact that the reflex nature of the mental life depends upon laws, and determinism as a factor in the higher nervous activity; Discussion of the ingenious method of using the salivary gland as a measure of cortical excitation.


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