TITLE

PROFESSIONALIZATION: A STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

AUTHOR(S)
Buffington, Larry
PUB. DATE
September 1974
SOURCE
Humboldt Journal of Social Relations;1974, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p18
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The article presents information about the environmental movement as a professionalization process. Professionalization is typically viewed as both as an emergent social process and as a deliberate occupational goal. It is an emergent process in that it represents a natural adjustment to an expanding and increasingly complex division of labor. Technological and social changes stimulate the demand for, or proliferation of, new occupational roles followed by a subsequent specialization and/or professionalization. In this context, one can view airplanes, autos, large cities, and settlement patterns along with an expanding population and a concomitant increase in resource utilization, waste production, leisure and consumption, as some of the factors which ultimately led to the emergence of environmental management as the tool of a major social movement. Recognizing the need for a new activity is the first necessary step in a professionalization process. The next step, deliberate occupational formation, was encouraged by the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency in 1970. At this stage of the movement leaders emerged pushing their new skills into the market place. In addition, businesses, individuals, and government agencies began hiring people to do environmental consulting and planning for them.
ACCESSION #
14624573

 

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