Virginia, Mother M.
July 1957
Philippine Sociological Review;Jul-Oct57, Vol. 5 Issue 3/4, p58
Academic Journal
The article analyses the relation between sociology and social work. Social work is the art in which knowledge of the science of human relations and skills in human relationships are used to mobilize the capacities of the individual and the resources of the community, appropriate for the better adjustment between the client and all or part of his total environment. When we analyze the definition, we single out its three main elements: social work is an art; based on scientific knowledge; aiming at the social adjustment of an individual. As an art, social work falls in the category of doing and not in the category of speculative thinking. Consequently it belongs to the normative disciplines. Social work by necessity rests on a definite philosophy. The nature of the relationships established, the methods used and the specific ends to be achieved are conditioned by the view of life of the social worker, including his ethical code. Sociology is a science studying these same people, in an objective way, as they interact in their social groups. An understanding of the group structure, of group dynamics, is indispensable equipment for any social worker. Sociology studies and analyzes the situation while social work, relying on the findings of the sociologists, apply their helping methods to bring about the reconstruction or betterment of society through its services to individuals.


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