Trauma in Nonagenarians and Centenarians: Review of 137 Consecutive Patients

September 2004
American Surgeon;Sep2004, Vol. 70 Issue 9, p793
Academic Journal
The purpose of this study was to examine the hospital course and outcomes of elderly trauma patients. We accomplished a retrospective review of all consecutive trauma patients admitted to a level 11 trauma center from January 2000 to April 2002. Gender, Injury Severity Score (ISS), length of stay (LOS), operative procedure, morbidity, and mortality of patients >90 years of age were compared with younger patients. Of 2645 trauma admissions, 137 patients (5%) were ≥90 years (range, 90 to 108 years; mean, 93.1 years); 5 patients were ≥100 years. One hundred eleven (81%) patients were female; 26 (19%) male. Average ISS for patients ≥90 was 8.75 and was 7.78 for younger patients. One hundred sixteen elderly patients (85%) had ISS c 15. Falls were the most common mechanism of injury (93%), usually ground-level falls (64%). Two hundred ninety-two injuries included 133 fractures and 102 soft tissue injuries. Thirty-four elderly patients (25%) and 733 younger patients (29%) required surgery. Complications developed in 8 per cent of older and 6 per cent of younger patients. Hospital LOS averaged 4.36 days for older and 3.51 days for younger patients. Six older (4.4%) and 63 younger (2.5%) patients died. ISS scores and LOS were slightly higher in elderly patients, but morbidity and mortality were comparable in both groups.


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