Electrodeposition Behaviour of Cadmium Telluride from 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium Chloride Tetrafluoroborate Ionic Liquid

Hsiu, S.-I.; Sun, I.-W.
October 2004
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry;Oct2004, Vol. 34 Issue 10, p1057
Academic Journal
Voltammetry at a glassy carbon electrode was used to study the electrochemical deposition of Cd-Te from the Lewis basic 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride/tetrafluoroborate air-stable room temperature ionic liquid between 80 °C and 140 °C. Deposition of tellurium alone occurs through a four-electron reduction of Te(IV) to Te which could be further reduced to Te(-II) at a more negative potential. The Cd-Te electrodeposits could be obtained by the underpotential deposition (UPD) of Cd on the deposited Te. The UPD of Cd on Te was, however, limited by a slow charge transfer rate. Samples of Cd-Te electrodeposits were prepared on tungsten and titanium substrates and characterized by energy dispersive spectroscope (EDS), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD). The results showed that an excess amount of Cd(II) was required in order to prepare CdTe codeposits with a Cd/Te atomic ratio approached 1⁄1. The deposit composition was independent of the deposition potential within the Cd UPD range. Raising the deposition temperature increased the UPD rate of Cd and promoted the formation polycrystalline CdTe.


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