The New Orthodoxies

Spender, Steph&ering;n
July 1953
New Republic;7/27/53, Vol. 128 Issue 30, p16
There are three orthodoxies which influence writing and to some extent all the arts. Orthodoxy means conformity with the pervading presence of authority which demands the responsibility of the artist. In England this authority is some governmental body like the BBC or the British Council or the Arts Council which patronizes writers and artists. In the U.S., the parallel development, which has led to this first kind of orthodoxy is the employment of poets by Universities. In the U.S., though it is in criticism, much more than in poetry, that one can point to this tendency and the fact that a good deal of this criticism is written by poets is also revealing.


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