Peace Between Israel and Her Neighbors

September 1955
New Republic;9/5/55, Vol. 133 Issue 10, p6
This article reports that John Foster Dulles, U.S. Secretary of State identified three roots of controversy in the Arab-Israel region, and suggested international aid in settling each of them, including a generous contribution from the United States. The controversies are as follows: First problem is that an estimated 900,000 Arab refugees, driven out of present Israel territory during the 1948-1949 fighting, are still encamped outside Israeli borders. They demand the right to resettle in Israel, or to receive just compensation. Israel has denied their claims, and in any case could not pay the compensation now. The second problem is that Israel and her four Arab neighbors Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and Egypt have each feared attack by the other to alter the 1949 truce line. Dulles now offers a treaty guarantee to each side that the United States will help protect it against attack by the other side. Such a guarantee would require consent by the U.S. Senate. Britain and France have both offered to join in the guarantee.


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