Near-infrared electroluminescence at room temperature from neodymium-doped gallium nitride thin films

Joo Han Kim; Holloway, Paul H.
September 2004
Applied Physics Letters;9/6/2004, Vol. 85 Issue 10, p1689
Academic Journal
Strong near-infrared (NIR) electroluminescence (EL) at room temperature from neodymium (Nd)-doped gallium nitride (GaN) thin films is reported. The Nd-doped GaN films were grown by radio-frequency planar magnetron cosputtering of separate GaN and metallic Nd targets in a pure nitrogen ambient. X-ray diffraction data did not identify the presence of any secondary phases and revealed that the Nd-doped GaN films had a highly textured wurtzite crystal structure with the c-axis normal to the surface of the film. The EL devices were fabricated with a thin-film multilayered structure of Al/Nd-doped GaN/Al2O3–TiO2/indium-tin oxide and tested at room temperate. Three distinct NIR EL emission peaks were observed from the devices at 905, 1082, and 1364 nm, arising from the radiative relaxation of the 4F3/2 excited-state energy level to the 4I9/2, 4I11/2, and 4I13/2 levels of the Nd3+ ion, respectively. The threshold voltage for all the three emission peaks was ∼150 V. The external power efficiency of the fabricated EL devices was ∼1×10-5 measured at 40 V above the threshold voltage.


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