Mössbauer effect probe of field-induced magnetic phase transition in LaFe13-xSix intermetallic compounds

Zhao-hua Cheng; Nai-li Di; Qing-an Li; Zhi-qi Kou; Zhi Luo; Xiao Ma; Guang-jun Wang; Feng-xia Hu; Bao-gen Shen
September 2004
Applied Physics Letters;9/6/2004, Vol. 85 Issue 10, p1745
Academic Journal
Direct evidence of a field-induced magnetic phase transition in LaFe13-xSix intermetallics with a large magneticaloric effect was provided by 57Fe Mössbauer spectra in externally applied magnetic fields. Moreover, Mössbauer spectra demonstrate that a magnetic structure collinear to the applied field is abruptly achieved in LaFe11.7Si1.3 compound once the ferromagnetic state appears, showing a metamagnetic first-order phase transition. In the case of LaFe11.0Si2.0, the Fe magnetic moments rotate continuously from a random state to the collinear state with increasing applied field, showing that a second-order phase transition is predominant. The different types of phase transformation determine the magnetocaloric effects in response to temperature and field in these two samples.


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