Wilson, Karen L.
September 2004
Calliope;Sep2004, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p16
This article focuses on building of a city by the Assyrian king Sargon II. He planned day and night how to settle that city and how to raise its great shrines, the dwellings of the great gods, and his royal residential palaces. In 722 B.C., Sargon II, whose name means "true king," ascended to the throne of Assyria. He soon built a new capital from which to rule his extensive empire. Known today as Khorsabad, it was one of the largest cities of antiquity. Sargon began work on Khorsabad in 717 B.C. and was closely involved with its construction. He divided the duties and expenses of the project among the governors of his empire and put the royal treasurer in charge of the details. Deportees from throughout the empire, as well as Assyrian citizens subject to labor service, provided the manpower for construction. Ornamental paintings in brilliant colors enlivened the walls and ceilings of the palace and the residences. In addition, figures executed in brightly colored glazed bricks embellished parts of the palace and the monumental temple entrances. The temples next to the palace were dedicated to the weather god Adad, the god of wisdom EQ, the moon god Sin and his consort Ningal, the warrior god Ninurta, and the sun god Shamash.


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