TITLE

Can density functional methods be used for open-shell actinide molecules? Comparison with multiconfigurational spin-orbit studies

AUTHOR(S)
Clavaguéra-Sarrio, Carine; Vallet, Valérie; Maynau, Daniel; Marsden, Colin J.
PUB. DATE
September 2004
SOURCE
Journal of Chemical Physics;9/15/2004, Vol. 121 Issue 11, p5312
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The geometries, electronic structures, and vibrational frequencies of two isoelectronic compounds PuO22+ and PuN2 have been studied in detail at the density functional theory (DFT) and multiconfigurational ab initio levels of theory. Dynamic correlation was taken into account using second-order perturbation theory (CASPT2) and the variational difference-dedicated configuration interaction method for comparison with the results of the DFT study. Spin-orbit effects were included within the framework of an effective uncontracted spin-orbit configuration-interaction method which considers electron correlation effects and spin-orbit coupling on equal footing. The twelve lowest f-f electronic transitions are reported. The electronic ground state of both systems is found to be the Ω=4 component of 3Hg. We thus disagree with an earlier assignment of the ground state of PuN2 [E. F. Archibong and A. K. Ray, J. Mol. Struct: THEOCHEM 530, 165 (2000)]. Spin-orbit effects are small on both the geometry and vibrational frequencies of the ground states of PuO22+ and PuN2, but they completely change the distribution of electronically excited states. A comparison of results obtained with the two classes of methods allows us to demonstrate that an unambiguous assignment of the electronic ground state and electronic spectra requires the use of multireference methods including spin-orbit coupling. Single-reference methods such as DFT provide a reasonable description of the electronic properties of ground states of these open-shell systems, and therefore also of their structural and vibrational properties. The experimental antisymmetric stretching frequency of matrix-isolated PuN2 is reproduced well by both CASPT2 and DFT calculations; generalized gradient approximation formulations of DFT are more successful than hybrid versions in this respect. Ground-state properties of UO22+, UN2, UO2, PuO22+, and PuN2 are compared and discussed. © 2004 American Institute of Physics.
ACCESSION #
14327330

 

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