On the impacts of tool geometry and cutting conditions in straight turning of aluminum alloys 6061-T6: an experimentally validated numerical study

Javidikia, Mahshad; Sadeghifar, Morteza; Songmene, Victor; Jahazi, Mohammad
February 2020
International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology;Feb2020, Vol. 106 Issue 9/10, p4547
Academic Journal
Aluminum alloys 6061-T6 are widely utilized in the automotive, aerospace, and marine industries due to high corrosion resistance, high strength, and good workability and machinability. The machining performance of these alloys depends on several factors including tool's material, coating, and geometry. Cutting tool edge radius is one of the most effective factors in cutting forces, energy requirement, and chip formation during metal cutting. The present article aims to study the interactions between the cutting edge radius and cutting speed, feed rate, and rake angle and examine the impacts of the aforementioned tool geometry and cutting conditions on machining forces, cutting temperature, and chip thickness in cutting an aluminum alloy 6061-T6. Special attention is devoted to examining the influence of the cutting edge radius on machining variables and comparing the results of conventional machining (CM) and high speed machining (HSM). A finite element model was developed to simulate the above interactions and was experimentally validated for different machining parameters. The results demonstrate that although increasing the cutting edge radius clearly raises the machining forces, it has a slight influence on the chip thickness. It is also found that the maximum cutting temperatures remain nearly constant with changes in the tool edge radius, while the average temperatures of the tool tip increase especially in HSM. Furthermore, it was found that the location at which the maximum cutting temperature occurs depends more on cutting conditions and tool geometry than workpiece and tool materials.


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