TITLE

Asymptomatic sensitisation to grapes in a sample of workers in wine industry

AUTHOR(S)
Kalogemmilros, D.; Rigopoulos, D.; Gregoriou, S.; Mousatou, V.; Lyris, N.; Papaioannou, D.; Katsarou-Katsari, A.
PUB. DATE
August 2004
SOURCE
Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Aug2004, Vol. 61 Issue 8, p709
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Aims: To assess the prevalence of sensitisation to grapes (Vitis vinifera var. agiorghitiko) in a population with repeated exposure to grape allergens through direct cutaneous contact as well as through the gastrointestinal tract. Methods: One hundred and twenty subjects were enrolled in each of four groups: grape harvesters, winery workers in selection of grapes, winery workers operating de-stemming/ crushing/pressing machines, and administrative personnel. Sensitisation to grapes was examined by skin prick-to-prick tests with fresh fruit and juice. Results: Eight harvesters and five workers in grape selection had positive reaction to the grapes tested. No machine operators or administrative personnel had positive tests. The likelihood of sensitisation was estimated at 3.7% per year of occupation by logistic regression analysis. None of the employees reported symptoms associated with sensitisation to grapes. Conclusion: Asymptomatic sensitisation to grapes was detected only in workers handling the fruit, suggesting that sensitisation is more likely to occur through cutaneous exposure and/or minor wounding than through the gastrointestinal tract. Prevalence rates were high and the clinical impact needs to be further investigated.
ACCESSION #
14096539

 

Related Articles

  • Sensitisation to common allergens and respiratory symptoms in endotoxin exposed workers: a pooled analysis. Basinas, Ioannis; Schlünssen, Vivi; Heederik, Dick; Sigsgaard, Torben; Smit, Lidwien A.M.; Samadi, Sadegh; Omland, Øyvind; Hjort, Charlotte; Madsen, Anne Mette; Skov, Simon; Wouters, Inge M . // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Feb2012, Vol. 69 Issue 2, p99 

    Objective To test the hypotheses that current endotoxin exposure is inversely associated with allergic sensitisation and positively associated with non-allergic respiratory diseases in four occupationally exposed populations using a standardised analytical approach. Methods Data were pooled from...

  • AllerTOP v.2-a server for in silico prediction of allergens. Dimitrov, Ivan; Bangov, Ivan; Flower, Darren; Doytchinova, Irini // Journal of Molecular Modeling;Jun2014, Vol. 20 Issue 6, p1 

    Allergy is an overreaction by the immune system to a previously encountered, ordinarily harmless substance -typically proteins-resulting in skin rash, swelling of mucous membranes, sneezing or wheezing, or other abnormal conditions. The use of modified proteins is increasingly widespread: their...

  • Prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection and associated risk factors in an urban African setting. Kizza, Florence N.; List, Justin; Nkwata, Allan K.; Okwera, Alphonse; Ezeamama, Amara E.; Whalen, Christopher C.; Sekandi, Juliet N. // BMC Infectious Diseases;2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Nearly one third of the world is infected with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) and a vast pool of individuals with LTBI persists in developing countries, posing a major barrier to global TB control. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of LTBI and the...

  • patch test.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p1718 

    A definition of the medical term "patch test," which refers to a skin test in which a low concentration of a presumed allergen is applied to the skin beneath an occlusive dressing, is presented.

  • Diagnostic evaluation and risk factors for drug allergies in children: from clinical history to skin and challenge tests. Arikoglu, Tugba; Aslan, Gulen; Batmaz, Sehra; Eskandari, Gulcin; Helvaci, Ilter; Kuyucu, Semanur // International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy;Aug2015, Vol. 37 Issue 4, p583 

    Background Parent or self-reported drug allergy claims frequently overestimate the real incidence of hypersensitivity reactions. A detailed and algorithmic diagnostic evaluation of drug reactions may allow a proper diagnosis. Objective The aim of this study was to determine the confirmation...

  • IgE antibodies and urinary trimethylarsine oxide accounted for 1-7 % population attributable risks for eczema in adults: USA NHANES 2005-2006. Shiue, Ivy // Environmental Science & Pollution Research;Dec2015, Vol. 22 Issue 23, p18404 

    Population attributable risks from serum IgE and dust miteallergen concentrations and environmental chemicals for eczema are unclear. Therefore, it was aimed to examine serum IgE and allergen concentrations and environmental chemicals for eczema in adults and to calculate population attributable...

  • Component-Resolved Diagnosis (CRD) of Type I Allergy with Recombinant Grass and Tree Pollen Allergens by Skin Testing. Heiss, Susanne; Mahler, Vera; Steiner, Renate; Spitzauer, Susanne; Schweiger, Christian; Kraft, Dietrich; Valenta, Rudolf // Journal of Investigative Dermatology;Nov99, Vol. 113 Issue 5, p0 

    The diagnosis of Type I allergy is based on the measurement of allergen-specific IgE antibodies and on provocation with allergens, most frequently conducted by skin testing. Both forms of diagnosis are currently performed with allergen extracts that are difficult to standardize regarding their...

  • Quantification of Chemical Peptide Reactivity for Screening Contact Allergens: A Classification Tree Model Approach. G. Frank Gerberick; Jeffrey D. Vassallo; Leslie M. Foertsch; Brad B. Price; Joel G. Chaney; Jean-Pierre Lepoittevin // Toxicological Sciences;Jun2007, Vol. 97 Issue 2, p417 

    In the interest of reducing animal use, in vitro alternatives for skin sensitization testing are under development. One unifying characteristic of chemical allergens is the requirement that they react with proteins for the effective induction of skin sensitization. The majority of chemical...

  • Interactions between FLG mutations and allergens in atopic dermatitis. Li, Ming; Liu, Jiang-Bo; Liu, Qiang; Yao, Mianzhi; Cheng, Ruhong; Xue, Hui; Zhou, Hua; Yao, Zhirong // Archives of Dermatological Research;Dec2012, Vol. 304 Issue 10, p787 

    Filaggrin gene ( FLG) mutations and sensitization in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) have been well documented. However, whether an interaction exists between these mutations and specific sensitization in AD patients is still unknown. The aim of the study was to explore the interaction...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics