Language Performance in Chronic Schizophrenia: A Pragmatic Approach

Meilijson, Sara R.; Kasher, Asa; Elizur, Avner
June 2004
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2004, Vol. 47 Issue 3, p695
Academic Journal
In this study, the authors examined the language of 43 participants with chronic schizophrenia under the basic assumption that a paradigmatic shift is needed in the methodology used to investigate the language of schizophrenia. The pragmatic protocol (C. Prutting & D. Kirchner, 1987) was chosen as the method of analysis to attain a general profile of pragmatic abilities. The results showed that the participants with schizophrenia exhibited a high degree of inappropriate pragmatic abilities compared to participants with mixed anxiety-depression disorder and participants with hemispheric brain damage, as previously assessed by Prutting and Kirchner. Statistical methods for clustering analysis yielded 5 distinct parameter clusters: Topic, Speech Acts, Turn-Taking, Lexical, and Nonverbal. Group clustering analysis of the 43 participants with schizophrenia produced 3 distinct groups with different profiles: minimal impairment, lexical impairment, and interactional impairment. The results are discussed in terms of theoretical implications in the area of pragmatics, the diagnosis of schizophrenia, and other goals.


Related Articles

  • Looking While Listening and Speaking: Eye-To-Face Gaze in Adolescents With and Without Traumatic Brain Injury. Turkstra, Lyn S. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2005, Vol. 48 Issue 6, p1429 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to address the lack of quantitative data on eye-to- face gaze (also known as eye contact) in the literature on pragmatic communication. The study focused on adolescents and young adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI), as gaze often is included in social...

  • Psychosis Following Traumatic Brain Injury. Batty, Rachel A.; Rossell, Susan L.; Francis, Andrew J.P.; Ponsford, Jennie // Brain Impairment;May2013, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p21 

    Psychosis following traumatic brain injury (PFTBI) has received modest empirical investigation, and is subsequently poorly understood, identified and treated. The current article reports on consistencies in PFTBI phenomenology according to the existing peer-reviewed literature. The potential for...

  • JRRD at a Glance.  // Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development;2009, Vol. 46 Issue 8, preceding p997 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue, including one on the characteristics of chiropractors who are affiliated with the U.S. Veterans Health Administration, one on health care costs and outpatient utilization of veterans with traumatic brain injuries and one on...

  • Traumatic Brain Injury and Risk for Schizophrenia. Corcoran, Cheryl; Malaspina, Dolores // International Journal of Mental Health;Spring2001, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p17 

    Discusses the correlation between traumatic brain injury and the onset of schizophrenia and other psychoses. Phenocopy of genetic schizophrenia; Relative significance of genetic and non-genetic factors in the etiology of schizophrenia; Role of environmental factors in the onset of schizophrenia.

  • Relief of serotonin selective reuptake inhibitor induced sexual dysfunction with low-dose mianserin in patients with traumatic brain injury. Dolberg, Ornah T.; Klag, Esther; Gross, Yigal; Schreiber, Shaul // Psychopharmacology;2002, Vol. 161 Issue 4, p404 

    .Rationale. Serotonin selective reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) are commonly used in the treatment of many psychiatric disorders. Although possessing a relatively mild side effect profile, these drugs can cause a number of difficulties, including sexual dysfunction. A variety of strategies have been...

  • Cortisol Supplement Combined with Psychotherapy and Citalopram Improves Depression Outcomes in Patients with Hypocortisolism after Traumatic Brain Injury. Lanlan Luo; Yan Chai; Rongcai Jiang; Xin Chen; Tao Yan // Aging & Disease;Dec2015, Vol. 6 Issue 6, p418 

    Depression is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders in people with Traumatic brain injury (TBI). Depression after TBI is closely related with social and psychological factors and hypothalamic- pituitary -adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction. However, there is a lack of evidence regarding...

  • His own worst enemy. Cosh, Colby // Report / Newsmagazine (National Edition);11/4/2002, Vol. 29 Issue 21, p5 

    Presents X-ray photographs of the skull of a schizophrenic man who had a knife lodged in his head, that were featured in the 'Canadian Medical Association Journal.' Way that the injury caused his brain to uncontrollably secrete large amounts of an antidiuretic hormone, which destroyed the...

  • Mania Following Head Injury: A Report of Two Cases and a Review of the Literature. Clark, A.F.; Davison, K. // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jun87, Vol. 150, p841 

    Secondary mania has been described in association with a variety of physical conditions. While there have been a number of reports of mania occurring in individuals with intracranial cerebral lesions, there have been few reporting its occurrence in association with non-penetrating cerebral...

  • Depression and Pragmatics in Adult Patients with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: An Exploratory Study. Mupawosa, Anniah; Katijah, Khoza; Naran, Venisha // Journal of Psychology in Africa;2007, Vol. 17 Issue 1/2, p111 

    The study examined the association between depression and pragmatics in mild traumatic brain injured (MTBI) adults. Pragmatics is defined as the use of language in a social context (Wiig & Semel, 1984). The sample consisted of 14 MTBI adult males from private Institutions as well as out-patient...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics