Sentence-Structure Priming in Young Children Who Do and Do Not Stutter

Anderson, Julie D.; Conture, Edward G.
June 2004
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2004, Vol. 47 Issue 3, p552
Academic Journal
The purpose of this study was to use an age-appropriate version of the sentence-structure priming paradigm (e.g., K. Bock, 1990; K. Bock, H. Loebell, & R. Morey, 1992) to assess experimentally the syntactic processing abilities of children who stutter (CWS) and children who do not stutter (CWNS). Participants were 16 CWS and 16 CWNS between the ages of 3;3 (years; months) and 5;5, matched for gender and age (±4 months). All participants had speech, language, and hearing development within normal limits, with the exception of stuttering for CWS. All children participated in a sentence-structure priming task where they were shown and asked to describe, on a computer screen, block-on-white line drawings of children, adults, and animals performing activities that could be appropriately described using simple active affirmative declarative (SAAD) sentences (e.g., "The man is walking the dog"). Speech reaction time (SRT) was measured from the onset of the picture presentation to the onset of the child's verbal response in the absence and presence of priming sentences, counterbalanced for order. Main findings indicated that CWS exhibited slower SRTs in the absence of priming sentences and greater syntactic-priming effects than CWNS. These findings suggest that CWS may have difficulty rapidly, efficiently planning and/or retrieving sentence-structure units, difficulties that may contribute to their inabilities to establish fluent speech-language production.


Related Articles

  • Selected temporal, grammatical, and phonological characteristics of conversational utterances... Logan, Kenneth J.; Conture, Edward G. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb1997, Vol. 40 Issue 1, p107 

    Assesses clause, syllable and response latency characteristics of conversational utterances produced by children who stutter. Role of syllable structure and response latency on speech fluency; Differences in syllable structure of stuttered and perceptibly fluent utterances; Relationship of the...

  • Control of children's stuttering with response-contingent time-out: Behavioral, perceptual and... Onslow, Mark; Packman, Ann // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb1997, Vol. 40 Issue 1, p121 

    Determines whether clinically significant stuttering reductions occur in school-age children under response-contingent time-out (TO) and whether any such reductions extinguish when TO conditions are removed. Acoustic changes associated with the reductions in stuttering; Behavioral effects of...

  • The Leading-Edge: The Significance of Sentence Disruptions in the Development of Grammar. Rispoli, Matthew; Hadley, Pamela // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2001, Vol. 44 Issue 5, p1131 

    This research explored the relationship between sentence disruptions and the length and complexity of sentences spoken by children developing grammar. The study was cross-sectional in design and used samples of naturalistic, conversational interaction between 26 typically developing children...

  • Stuttering Doesn't Set Kids Back. Luntz, Stephen // Australasian Science;Dec2013, Vol. 34 Issue 10, p6 

    The article reports on a study by professor Sheena Reilly which shows that stuttering in preschool children is part of language development and is not associated with their mental health or disposition.

  • Introduction. Teller, Virginia; Cairns, Helen Smith // Journal of Psycholinguistic Research;Mar2000, Vol. 29 Issue 2, p107 

    Introduces a series of articles on sentence processing published in the March 2000 issue of the "Journal of Psycholinguistic Research." Papers dealing with sentence production; Sentence production through syntactic priming; Nature of processing representations.

  • Antecedent Priming at Trace Positions in Children’s Sentence Processing. Roberts, Leah; Marinis, Theodore; Felser, Claudia; Clahsen, Harald // Journal of Psycholinguistic Research;Mar2007, Vol. 36 Issue 2, p175 

    The present study examines whether children reactivate a moved constituent at its gap position and how children’s more limited working memory span affects the way they process filler-gap dependencies. 46 5–7 year-old children and 54 adult controls participated in a cross-modal...

  • Contextual effects on word production: A lifespan study. Roe, Katherin; Jahn-Samilo, Jennifer // Memory & Cognition;Jul2000, Vol. 28 Issue 5, p756 

    Investigates the effects of sentence priming on picture naming across the lifespan, from age three to 87 years. Significance of facilitation and interference in specific age levels; Role of picture naming in revealing interesting developmental changes in the effects of sentential context on...

  • A Time Course View of Sentence Priming Effects. Paul, Stephen T.; Kellas, George // Journal of Psycholinguistic Research;Sep2004, Vol. 33 Issue 5, p383 

    Meaning activation was estimated during (standard naming) and after (delayed naming) target presentation to chart the time course of priming effects during reading comprehension. Using sentences biasing homographs toward their dominant and subordinate meanings, two experiments evaluated context...

  • Syntactic Constraints in the Retrieval of Homophone Orthography. White, Katherine K.; Abrams, Lise; McWhite, Cullen B.; Hagler, Heather L. // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory & Cognition;Jan2010, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p160 

    In this experiment, syntactic constraints on the retrieval of orthography were investigated using homo-phones embedded in sentence contexts. Participants typed auditorily presented sentences that included a contextually appropriate homophone that either shared part of speech with its homophone...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics