Relations Among Linguistic and Cognitive Skills and Spoken Word Recognition in Adults With Cochlear Implants

Collison, Elizabeth A.; Munson, Benjamin; Carney, Arlene Earley
June 2004
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2004, Vol. 47 Issue 3, p496
Academic Journal
This study examined spoken word recognition in adults with cochlear implants (CIs) to determine the extent to which linguistic and cognitive abilities predict variability in speech-perception performance. Both a traditional consonant-vowel--consonant (CVC)-repetition measure and a gated-word recognition measure (F. Grosjean, 1996) were used. Stimuli in the gated-word-recognition task varied in neighborhood density. Adults with CIs repeated CVC words less accurately than did age-matched adults with normal hearing sensitivity (NH). In addition, adults with CIs required mare acoustic information to recognize gated words than did adults with NH. Neighborhood density had a smaller influence on gated-word recognition by adults with CIs than on recognition by adults with NH. With the exception of 1 outlying participant, standardized, norm-referenced measures of cognitive and linguistic abilities were not correlated with word-recognition measures. Taken together, these results do not support the hypothesis recognitive and linguistic abilities predict variability in speech-perception performance in a heterogeneous group of adults with CIs. Findings are discussed in light of the potential role of auditory perception in mediating relations among cognitive and linguistic skill and spoken word recognition.


Related Articles

  • Spoken Word Recognition in Toddlers Who Use Cochleor Implants. Grieco-Calub, Tina M.; Saffran, Jenny R.; Litovsky, Ruth Y. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2009, Vol. 52 Issue 6, p1390 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the time course of spoken word recognition in 2-year-old children who use cochlear implants (CIs) in quiet and in the presence of speech competitors. Method: Children who use CIs and age-matched peers with normal acoustic hearing listened to...

  • Minimal effects of visual memory training on auditory performance of adult cochlear implant users. Oba, Sandra I. // Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development;2013, Vol. 50 Issue 1, pxxii 

    The article focuses on the report that auditory training improves speech and music understanding of adult cochlear implant users.

  • Examining talker effects in the perception of native- and foreign-accented speech. McLennan, Conor; González, Julio // Attention, Perception & Psychophysics;Jul2012, Vol. 74 Issue 5, p824 

    Understanding the circumstances under which talker (and other types of) variability affects language perception represents an important area of research in the field of spoken word recognition. Previous work has demonstrated that talker effects are more likely when processing is relatively slow...

  • Developmental, Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Visual Word Recognition. Simpson, Greg B.; Hyewon Kang // Language & Speech;Mar2006, Vol. 49 Issue 1, p55 

    In this paper, we argue that a complete understanding of language processing, in this case word-recognition processes, requires consideration both of multiple languages and of developmental processes. To illustrate these goals, we will summarize a 10-year research program exploring...

  • The relationship between the speech perception and the degree of satisfaction among adult users of cochlear implants. Soares Granço, Fernanda; Freitas Fernandes, Nayara; Morettin, Marina; Costa Filho, Orozimbo Alves; Bevilacqua, Maria Cecília // International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology;Apr-Jun2013, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p202 

    Introduction: In recent years, the benefits associated with the use of cochlear implants (CIs), especially with regard to speech perception, have proven to surpass those produced by the use of hearing aids, making CIs a highly efficient resource for patients with severe/profound hearing loss....

  • STUDY OF MAIS (MEANINGFUL AUDITORY INTEGRATION SCALE) SCORE POST UNILATERAL COCHLEAR IMPLANTATION IN PREUNGUAL DEAF PATIENTS. Lala, Neha; Vishwakarma, Rajesh; Vishwakarma, Chandrakant; Kumar, Pradeep // Online Journal of Otolaryngology;2015, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p70 

    Objective: To evaluate speech perception skills in everyday situations following Unilateral Cochlear Implantation in prelingual deaf patients in relation to the age of implantation. Method: 45 prelingual deaf patients who underwent unilateral Cochlear Implantation under B.J. Medical College...

  • Understanding, Subjective Hearing Performance, and Tinnitus Perception in Patients with Unilateral Severe to Profound Hearing Loss.  // Tinnitus Today;Spring2015, Vol. 40 Issue 1, p28 

    No abstract available.

  • Brain responses to musical feature changes in adolescent cochlear implant users. Petersen, Bjørn; Weed, Ethan; Sandmann, Pascale; Brattico, Elvira; Hansen, Mads; Sørensen, Stine Derdau; Vuust, Peter // Frontiers in Human Neuroscience;Feb2015, Vol. 9, p1 

    Cochlear implants (CIs) are primarily designed to assist deaf individuals in perception of speech, although possibilities for music fruition have also been documented. Previous studies have indicated the existence of neural correlates of residual music skills in postlingually deaf adults and...

  • Cochlear implantation in patients with Cogan syndrome: long-term results. Bacciu, Andrea; Pasanisi, Enrico; Lella, Filippo; Guida, Maurizio; Bacciu, Salvatore; Vincenti, Vincenzo // European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology;Nov2015, Vol. 272 Issue 11, p3201 

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of patients with Cogan syndrome (CS) who have undergone cochlear implantation. Subjects consisted of 12 cochlear implant users with a typical form of CS. Measures included word and sentence recognition scores. The speech...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics