TITLE

How Well Can Children Recognize Speech Features in Spectrograms? Comparisons by Age and Hearing Status

AUTHOR(S)
Ertmer, David J.
PUB. DATE
June 2004
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2004, Vol. 47 Issue 3, p484
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Real-time spectrographic displays (SDs) have been used in speech training for more than 30 years with adults and children who have severe and profound hearing impairments. Despite positive outcomes from treatment studies, concerns remain that the complex and abstract nature of spectrograms may make these speech training aids unsuitable for use with children. This investigation examined how well children with normal hearing sensitivity and children with impaired hearing can recognize spectrographic cues for vowels and consonants, and the ages at which these visual cues are distinguished. Sixty children (30 with normal hearing sensitivity, 30 with hearing impairments) in 3 age groups (6-7, 8-9, and 10-11 years) were familiarized with the spectrographic characteristics of selected vowels and consonants. The children were then tested on their ability to select a match far a model spectrogram from among 3 choices. Overall scores indicated that spectrographic cues were recognized with greater-than-chance accuracy by all age groups. Formant contrasts were recognized with greater accuracy than consonant manner contrasts. Children with normal hearing sensitivity and those with hearing impairment performed equally well.
ACCESSION #
14083867

 

Related Articles

  • Longitudinal Study of Speech Perception, Speech, and Language for Children with Hearing Loss in an Auditory-Verbal Therapy Program. Dornan, Dimity; Hickson, Louise; Murdoch, Bruce; Houston, Todd // Volta Review;Fall/Winter2009, Vol. 109 Issue 2/3, p61 

    This study examined the speech perception, speech, and language developmental progress of 25 children with hearing loss (mean Pure-Tone Average IPTA] 79.37 dB HL) in an auditory-verbal therapy program. Children were tested initially and then 21 months later on a battery of assessments. The...

  • PARTIAL DEAFNESS TREATMENT IN CHILDREN: EDUCATIONAL SETTINGS AFTER 5 TO 7 YEARS OF COCHLEAR IMPLANT USE. Zgoda, Malgorzata; Lorens, Artur; Skarzynski, Henryk // Journal of Hearing Science;May2012, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p70 

    Background: Cochlear implant (CI) eligibility criteria have broadened to include individuals with partial deafness (PD), a condition in which prior to implantation a significant amount of low frequency hearing remains. Partial Deafness Treatment (PDT) with cochlear implants, gives the patient...

  • PREVENTING HEARING PROBLEMS. Tzeses, Jennifer // Parenting;Feb2001, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p31 

    Provides information on hearing impairment condition among infants. Symptoms and signs exhibited by deaf infants; Relation of hearing to the language development of children; Clinical tests and screening policies to measure the response of the brain to sounds.

  • Instruction for developing speech perception skills. Moog, Jean; Biedenstein, Julia // Volta Review;Nov94, Vol. 96 Issue 5, p61 

    Presents instructions for the development of speech perception skills in hearing impaired children in the United States. Importance of listening ability of the child; Cochlear implant instructional program; Tactile aid instructional program; Teaching activities.

  • Speech production results: Speech feature acquisition. Tobey, Emily; Geers, Ann // Volta Review;Nov94, Vol. 96 Issue 5, p109 

    Presents information of a study made on the speech production skills of children with cochlear implants, tactile aids and conventional hearing aids. Causes of poor speech intelligibility; Benefits of multichannel and single-channel cochlear implants; Importance of imitation task assessment.

  • Spoken language results: Vocabulary, syntax, and communication. Geers, Ann; Moog, Jean // Volta Review;Nov94, Vol. 96 Issue 5, p131 

    Presents information on the vocabulary, syntax and communication ability in deaf children with cochlear implants (CI), tactile aids (TA) and conventional hearing aids (HA). Rate of language and communication skill acquisition of CI group; Average performance of tactile aid and hearing aid...

  • Assessing Speech Perception in Listeners with Cochlear Implants: The Development of the Lexical Neighborhood Tests. Kirk, Karen Iler // Volta Review;Spring98, Vol. 100 Issue 2, p63 

    Examines speech perception of children with cochlear implants using the Lexical Neighborhood Test (LNT) and Multisyllabic Lexical Neighborhood Test (MLNT). Significant effects of lexical difficulty on word recognition by children; Clinical use of LNT and MLNT; Comparison of the performance...

  • State Cooperation with Local Communities in a Hearing Conservation Program. Lezak, Raymond J. // Western Speech;Mar1955, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p83 

    Looks at the hearing conservation program in Pennsylvania. Role of the Speech and Hearing Rehabilitation Centers in the developing a total hearing conservation plan; Aim to give hearing loss children an opportunity to continue with their education in the local community schools; Involvement of...

  • The Effects of Simultaneous Communication on Production and Perception of Speech. Schiavetti, Nicholas; Whitehead, Robert L.; Metz, Dale Evan // Journal of Deaf Studies & Deaf Education;Jul2004, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p286 

    This article reviews experiments completed over the past decade at the National Technical Institute for the Deaf and the State University of New York at Geneseo concerning speech produced during simultaneous communication (SC) and synthesizes the empirical evidence concerning the acoustical and...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics