TITLE

Effects of Speech and Print Feedback on Spelling by Children With Autism

AUTHOR(S)
Schlosser, Ralf W.; Blischak, Doreen M.
PUB. DATE
August 2004
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2004, Vol. 47 Issue 4, p848
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In this systematic replication of a previous study (R. W. Schlosser, D. M. Blischak, P. J. Belfiore, C. Bartley, & N. Barnett, 1998), the effects of speech and print feedback on spelling performance were evaluated. Four children with autism and no functional speech were taught to spell words with a speech-generating device under 3 feedback conditions. In the auditory-visual condition, children received both speech and print feedback, whereas in the auditory and visual conditions, only 1 type of feedback was provided. An adapted alternating treatments design was used. All 4 children reached criterion across conditions. Although 3 children reached criterion first with print or speech-print feedback, 1 child was most efficient with speech-print followed by speech feedback. Based on the findings of both studies, 2 distinct profiles of feedback efficiency are proposed. Children that exemplify the primarily visual profile spell words most efficiently when feedback involves print. Children that fit the auditory profile spell words most efficiently when feedback involves speech. The implications for understanding the learning characteristics of children with autism, as well as those for practice and further research are derived.
ACCESSION #
14053720

 

Related Articles

  • Small-vocabulary speech recognition using surface electromyography Betts, Bradley J.; Binsted, Kim; Jorgensen, Charles // Interacting with Computers;Dec2006, Vol. 18 Issue 6, p1242 

    Abstract: We present results of electromyographic (EMG) speech recognition on a small vocabulary of 15 English words. EMG speech recognition holds promise for mitigating the effects of high acoustic noise on speech intelligibility in communication systems, including those used by first...

  • CHILDREN'S COMPREHENSION OF TIME-ALTERED SENTENCES. Bochner, Joseph H. // Language & Speech;Apr-Jun87, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p131 

    Examines the influence of speech timing on children's auditory processing of sentences with a question-answering comprehension task. Presentation of sentences; Administration of three types of sentences; Effects of presentation conditon, sentence type, and grade level.

  • A New Perspective on Developmental Language Problems: Perceptual Organization Deficits. Nittrouer, Susan // Perspectives on Language Learning & Education;Aug2012, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p87 

    Children with a variety of language-related problems, including dyslexia, experience difficulty processing the acoustic speech signal, leading to proposals of diagnostic entities known as auditory processing deficits. Although descriptions of these deficits vary across accounts, most hinge on...

  • The Effect of Talker- and Listener-Related Factors on Intelligibility for a Real-Word, Open-Set Perception Test. Markham, Duncan; Hazan, Valerie // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2004, Vol. 47 Issue 4, p725 

    The aims of this study were to evaluate whether talker intelligibility is consistent across listeners differing in age and gender and to investigate the process of attunement to talker characteristics in children and adults. Word intelligibility rates were obtained from 135 listeners (adults,...

  • Interactive Use of Lexical Information in Speech Perception. Connine, Cynthia M.; Clifton, Charles; Jr. // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception & Performan;May87, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p291 

    No abstract available.

  • The Effects of Speech Production and Vocabulary Training on Different Components of Spoken Language Performance. Paatsch, Louise E.; Blarney, Peter J.; Sarant, Julia Z.; Bow, Catherine P. // Journal of Deaf Studies & Deaf Education;Winter2006, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p39 

    A group of 21 hard-of-hearing and deaf children attending primary school were trained by their teachers on the production of selected consonants and on the meanings of selected words. Speech production, vocabulary knowledge, reading aloud, and speech perception measures were obtained before and...

  • Go beyond "active listening".  // Managing People at Work;Jan2011, Issue 346, p1 

    The article focuses on the significance of active listening to understand clearly the meaning of the words of the speaker rather than just hearing without grasping.

  • Administration and Socioeconmic Level Effects on Authority Discrimination of Elementary School Children. Kerr, Andrew S.; Meunier, Clement P. // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Dec1981, Vol. 14 Issue 10 

    Reports on the administration of a 40-item speech sound discrimination test to children to assess the effects of socioeconomic level and administrative mode, oral or tape, on auditory discrimination ability. Use of the Wepman Auditory Discrimination Test to assess speech-sound discrimination...

  • Recognition of multiply degraded speech by young and elderly listeners. Gordon-Salant, Sandra; Fitzgibbons, Peter J. // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Oct95, Vol. 38 Issue 5, p1150 

    Investigates the hypothesis that age effects exert an increased influence on speech recognition performance as the number of acoustic degradations of the speech signal increases. Age-related decline in understanding degraded speech; Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR); Multiply degraded speech.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics