TITLE

Tips for learners of evidence-based medicine: 1. Relative risk reduction, absolute risk reduction and number needed to treat

AUTHOR(S)
Barratt, Alexandra; Wyer, Peter C.; Hatala, Rose; McGinn, Thomas; Dans, Antonio L.; Keitz, Sheri; Moyer, Virginia; Guyatt, Gordon
PUB. DATE
August 2004
SOURCE
CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;8/17/2004, Vol. 171 Issue 4, p353
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Presents several measures of effect, such as relative risk reduction, absolute risk reduction and number needed to treat, to help clinicians understand and use them. Factors to consider in understanding risk and risk reduction; Ways to balance the benefits and adverse effects of risk reduction in individual patients; Calculation and use of the number needed to treat in considering the consequences of treating or not treating.
ACCESSION #
14044251

 

Related Articles

  • Health status in the ambulance services: a systematic review. Sterud, Tom; Ekeberg, Oivind; Hem, Erlend // BMC Health Services Research;2006, Vol. 6, p82 

    Background: Researchers have become increasingly aware that ambulance personnel may be at risk of developing work-related health problems. This article systematically explores the literature on health problems and work-related and individual health predictors in the ambulance services. Methods:...

  • A Checklist for Reporting Valuation Studies of Multi-Attribute Utility-Based Instruments (CREATE). Xie, Feng; Pickard, A.; Krabbe, Paul; Revicki, Dennis; Viney, Rosalie; Devlin, Nancy; Feeny, David // PharmacoEconomics;Aug2015, Vol. 33 Issue 8, p867 

    Multi-attribute utility-based instruments (MAUIs) assess health status and provide an index score on the full health-dead scale, and are widely used to support reimbursement decisions for new healthcare interventions worldwide. A valuation study is a key part of the development of MAUIs, with...

  • Using the NO TEARS tool for medication review. Lewis, Tessa // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);8/21/2004, Vol. 329 Issue 7463, p434 

    Offers a ten-minute consultation on a 76-year-old man who needs reauthorization for several drugs he takes regularly. Discussion of the NO TEARS tool for assessing a patient's treatment; How physicians should manage this scenario; Reference to the Task Force on Medicines Partnership's...

  • Three years is key to deciphering new and established E/M status.  // Contemporary Urology;Aug2006, Vol. 18 Issue 8, p56 

    The article discusses the identification of a patient's status based on the Current Patient Terminology guidelines. The factors that need to be considered by urologists when defining a patient's medical status are highlighted. The influence of emergency medical service record on patient status...

  • Illness awareness in terminal cancer patients: an Italian study. Corli, O.; Apolone, G.; Pizzuto, M.; Cesaris, L.; Cozzolino, A.; Orsi, L.; L. Enterri // Palliative Medicine;Jun2009, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p354 

    The amount and quality of information and awareness in cancer patients' is a topic frequently debated, but few studies have focussed on terminal patients. This is the objective of the present study that involved two different palliative home-care units in Italy, which recruited 550 terminal...

  • Changing Habits to Delay Diabetes. Tataranni, P. Antonio; Bogardus, Clifton // New England Journal of Medicine;05/03/2001, Vol. 344 Issue 18, p1390 

    Editorial. Discusses changing lifestyle habits to prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes. Reference to the results of the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study in this issue by Tuomilehto and colleagues, which examined the effect of changes in lifestyle on the development of type 2 diabetes in...

  • A validation of the concept of current perceived health and the Current Perceived Health-42 (CPH-42) questionnaire. Fielding, R.; Li, J. // Quality of Life Research;Feb1997, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p0 

    Perceived or self-rated general health in its trait form reliably predicts subsequent mortality among certain sections of the community. In an investigation of the predictive value of health status at the time of assessment, 574 cases drawn from five groups (police trainees, firemen, students,...

  • Quantifying the risk of type 2 diabetes in East London using the QDScore:. Mathur, Rohini; Noble, Douglas; Smith, Dianna; Greenhalgh, Trisha; Robson, John // British Journal of General Practice;Oct2012, Vol. 62 Issue 603, p522 

    Quantifying the risk of type 2 diabetes in East London using the QDScore:

  • The burden of chronic diseases in a rural North Florida sample. Logan, Henrietta; Guo, Yi; Dodd, Virginia J.; Muller, Keith; Riley III, Joseph // BMC Public Health;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: The degree of health disparities present in rural communities is of growing concern and is considered "urgent" since rural residents lag behind their urban counterparts in health status. Understanding the prevalence and type of chronic diseases in rural communities is often difficult...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics