TITLE

Comparison between a new 13C-urea breath test, using a film-coated tablet, and the conventional 13C-urea breath test for the detection of Helicobacter pylori infection

AUTHOR(S)
Ohara, Shuichi; Kato, Mototsugu; Saito, Masao; Fukuda, Shinsaku; Kato, Chieko; Hamada, Shiro; Nagashima, Ryuichi; Obara, Katsutoshi; Suzuki, Masayuki; Honda, Hirohito; Asaka, Masahiro; Toyota, Takayoshi
PUB. DATE
July 2004
SOURCE
Journal of Gastroenterology;2004, Vol. 39 Issue 7, p621
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background. In Japan, urea breath-testing includes mouth rinsing with water immediately after the ingestion of 13C-urea solution, to prevent false-positive results that are caused by oral bacteria with urease activity. Our objective was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of a urea breath test using a film-coated 13C-urea tablet and omitting mouth rinsing. Methods. The study was a multicenter trial comparing the solution- and tablet-based urea breath tests (UBTs). Helicobacter pylori status was determined by histology, culture, and rapid urease testing. Results. Of the 255 subjects who completed the study, evaluation of the tablet-based UBT was possible in 254, and comparison of the tablet-based UBT and the solution-based UBT was possible in 250 patients. When the assessment achieved by a combination of biopsy-based methods was used as a reference standard, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the tablet-based method were determined to be 97.7%, 98.4%, and 98.0%, respectively. When the results of the solution-based UBT were used as a reference standard, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the tablet-based UBT were determined to be 96.9%, 97.6%, and 97.2%, respectively. Conclusions. The 13C-urea tablet-based method proved to be a simple and accurate test for the diagnosis of H. Pylori infection. Mouth rinsing was not required.
ACCESSION #
13999169

 

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