TITLE

Personality in essential tremor: further evidence of non- motor manifestations of the disease

AUTHOR(S)
Chaiterjee, A.; Jurewicz, E. C.; Applegate, L. M.; Louis, E. D.
PUB. DATE
July 2004
SOURCE
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry;Jul2004, Vol. 75 Issue 7, p958
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective: To ascertain whether patients with essential tremor have distinct definable personality traits. Methods: A case-control study of patients with essential tremor was carried out to look for differences in personality characteristics. The controls were derived from the same source population. Using the tridimensional personality questionnaire (TPQ), personality traits were assessed in three dimensions: harm avoidance (HA), novelty seeking (N5), and reward dependence (RD). Additional analyses were conducted to address the possibility of selection bias among the patients with essential tremor. Results: There were 55 patients and 61 controls. There was a difference between patients and controls in HA subscale scores (p = 0.005) but not in NS or RD scores. The difference remained significant in analyses that adjusted for age, sex, race, and education (p=0.005). HA subscale scores did not correlate with subjective or objective measures of disability or with indices of severity of tremor. Conclusions: Patients with essential tremor scored higher on the harm avoidance subscale scores than control subjects. HA subscale scores did not correlate with the severity of tremor or with subjective and objective scales of disability, suggesting that the personality profile observed was not entirety related to functional disability caused by the tremor. Longitudinal studies of personality in essential tremor are needed to characterise the stability and evolution of these personality traits within the natural history of the disease process.
ACCESSION #
13927728

 

Related Articles

  • Tremor � Easily Seen but Difficult to Describe and Treat. Grimes, D.A. // Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences;Mar2003, Vol. 30, pS59 

    Summarizes the proposed phenomenology and syndromic classification of all types of tremor. Attempts to develop standard terminology and criteria for tremors; Diagnosis and management of essential tremor; Most commonly encountered tremor.

  • Hunt's tremor.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p1099 

    A definition of the medical term "Hunt's tremor," which refers to a tremor linked with voluntary movements present in some cerebellar lesions, is presented.

  • TREMOR: An Often Misunderstood and Misdiagnosed Ailment. Koller, William C.; Buckley, Siobhan // USA Today Magazine;Jul90, Vol. 119 Issue 2542, p68 

    Explains the characteristics of tremor disorders. Indications that the disease does not affect intellectual capacity of patients; Effect of alcohol on essential tremor; Challenges to the diagnosis and treatment.

  • Movement Disorders.  // Current Medical Literature: Neurology;2006, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p99 

    The article discusses several research on movement disorders. It includes "Postural Tremor Suppression is Dependent on Thalamic Stimulation Frequency," by M. Ushe et al, "Common Misdiagnosis of a Common Neurological Disorder: How are we Misdiagnosing Essential Tremor?," by S. Jain, S. E. LO and...

  • Tremor. Smaga, Sharon // American Family Physician;10/15/2003, Vol. 68 Issue 8, p1545 

    Discusses about tremor, a rhythmic, involuntary, oscillatory movement of body parts. Classification; Explanation on the different tremor syndromes; Diagnostic approach.

  • Fragile X associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) with dementia in a female harbouring FMR1 premutation. Karmori, Y.; Gadoth, N. // Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry;Jun2008, Vol. 79 Issue 6, p738 

    The article presents various cases of fragile X associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) with dementia in a female harbouring fragile X-mental retardation1 premutation. Dementia was found in 20% of males with FXTAS and this complication has not yet been reported in female carriers. Clinical and...

  • A patient with tremor. Pinkowish, Mary Desmond // Patient Care;Oct2002, Vol. 36 Issue 12, p18 

    Presents a guide to physicians concerning essential tremor. Comparison between Parkinson's disease and essential tremor; Characteristics of essential tremor; List of first-line medications for essential tremor.

  • Essential tremor. Brown, Cynthia B. // Cortlandt Forum;May2008, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p44 

    The article presents information regarding essential tremor disease. The information includes the descriptions, the other names, code, prevalence, cause, presentation, diagnosis, prognosis and possible treatment. The information is done by Cynthia B. Brown and Dr. Cung Phan. Dr. Brown is a...

  • Genetics of essential tremor. Hao Deng; Weidong Le; Joseph Jankovic // Brain: A Journal of Neurology;Jun2007, Vol. 130 Issue 6, p1456 

    Essential tremor (ET), the cause of which remains poorly understood, is one of the most common neurological disorders. While environmental agents have been proposed to play a role, genetic factors are believed to contribute to its onset. Thus far, three gene loci (ETM1 on 3q13, ETM2 on 2p24.1...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sign out of this library

Other Topics