Gallium concentration dependence of room-temperature near-band-edge luminescence in n-type ZnO:Ga

Makino, T.; Segawa, Y.; Yoshida, S.; Tsukazaki, A.; Ohtomo, A.; Kawasaki, M.
August 2004
Applied Physics Letters;8/2/2004, Vol. 85 Issue 5, p759
Academic Journal
We investigated the optical properties of epitaxial n-type ZnO films grown on lattice-matched ScAlMgO4 substrates. As the Ga doping concentration increased up to 6×1020 cm-3, the absorption edge showed a systematic blueshift, consistent with the Burstein–Moss effect. A bright near-band-edge photoluminescence (PL) could be observed even at room temperature, the intensity of which increased monotonically as the doping concentration was increased except for the highest doping level. It indicates that nonradiative transitions dominate at a low doping density. Both a Stokes shift and broadening in the PL band are monotonically increasing functions of donor concentration, which was explained in terms of potential fluctuations caused by the random distribution of donor impurities.


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