Klein, Rupert; Knäuper, Bärbel
September 2003
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality;2003, Vol. 12 Issue 3/4, p137
Academic Journal
The present research investigates the determinants of the cognitive tendency to avoid thoughts about sexually transmitted infection (STI) and examines the association of this tendency with willingness to engage in discussions of safer sexual practices and with condom use consistency. Findings from two questionnaire-based studies are presented. The first study, with 71 female university students, found that women with low sexual self-efficacy, low assertiveness toward discussing safer sex practices and lower knowledge about STIs had a higher tendency to avoid STI-related thoughts. Moreover, the higher the women's tendency to avoid STI thoughts the less willing they were to engage in discussions of safer sex practices. The second study, comprised of 26 female and 16 male university students, investigated the association of mental representations of condoms and STI thought avoidance with consistency of condom use. Results indicated that certain mental representations of condoms as well as cognitive avoidance were associated with condom use consistency and that the associations differed for men and women.


Related Articles

  • Factors explaining intent, discussion and use of condoms in first-time sexual encounters. Freimuth, Vicki S.; Lee Hammond, Sharon; Edgar, Timothy; McDonald, Deborah A.; Fink, Edward L. // Health Education Research;Jun1992, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p203 

    The article cites a study which examines the factors involved in the use of condoms in first-time sexual encounters. The most effective way to prevent HIV infection is to use condoms. The factors which determine infrequent use of condoms by individuals are mostly related to individual...

  • Agreement of Daily Diary and Retrospective Measures of Condom Use. Hoppe, Marilyn J.; Morrison, Diane M.; Gillmore, Mary Rogers; Beadnell, Blair; Higa, Darrel H.; Leigh, Barbara C. // AIDS & Behavior;Jan2008, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p113 

    This study compares condom use reported two ways. 251 heterosexual participants (63% female) reported condom use on a prospective daily diary and on a retrospective questionnaire. Proportion of condom use with vaginal sex was calculated from the diary data and contrasted with retrospective...

  • Ounce of prevention.  // Echo Magazine;9/8/2005, Vol. 16 Issue 26, p53 

    Deals with the impact of the emphasis of the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush on sexual abstinence on the global fight against AIDS. Budget allotted by the U.S. government for sexual abstinence program; Criticism from United Nations official Stephen Lewis on the position of Bush...

  • Rising STIs mean we still need to talk about condoms.  // BOYZ;1/19/2017, Issue 1322, p16 

    The article provides brief information on the Do it London campaign to promote safer sex using condoms and raise awareness of the importance of getting tested for HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as herpes in London, England.

  • Is Sexual Serosorting Occurring Among HIV-Positive Injection Drug Users? Comparison Between Those with HIV-Positive Partners Only, HIV-Negative Partners Only, and Those with any Partners of Unknown Status. Mizuno, Yuko; Purcell, David W.; Latka, Mary H.; Metsch, Lisa R.; Ding, Helen; Gomez, Cynthia A.; Knowlton, Amy R. // AIDS & Behavior;Feb2010, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p92 

    Using baseline data from a multi-site, randomized controlled study (INSPIRE), we categorized 999 HIV-positive IDUs into three groups based on serostatus of their sex partners. Our data provide some evidence for serosorting occurring in our sample; about 40% of the sample had sex exclusively with...

  • AIDS and the Sexual Counter-Revolution.  // National Review;7/3/1987, Vol. 39 Issue 12, p19 

    Highlights observation that the point of the U.S. condom campaign appears to be less to save the nation from AIDS than to preserve the sexual revolution. Criticism against the attempts of politicians and the media to play down sodomy as the only source of AIDS; Claim that debate over testing is...

  • Take One. Vu, Monica // Word (Word Publications - Ted Fleischaker);May2008, p40 

    The author reflects on the need to be protected from and educated about HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STD). She notes that HIV is more manageable than it was in 1993, and that patients are able to have a much higher quality of life than before. She discusses how HIV is transmitted...

  • THE CONDOM GAP: ENSURING ACCESS TO AN ESSENTIAL TOOL IN THE FIGHT AGAINST HIV/AIDS.  // Foreign Affairs;May/Jun2003 Supplement, Vol. 82 Issue 3, p17 

    The male condom remains an essential component of a comprehensive strategy to reverse the global HIV/AIDS epidemic, but too few people at risk have access. According to UNAIDS, the six to nine billion condoms that are distributed each year constitute as little as one quarter of what is needed...

  • MASSACHUSETTS.  // Advocate;6/5/90, Issue 552, p21 

    Reports on notable developments in Massachusetts, as of June 5, 1990. Research on the effects of state Governor Michael Dukakis' opposition to the distribution of condoms to fight AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases; Attendance at a pro-heterosexual rally by students at the University...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics