Review: Antibiotic prophylaxis of pancreatic necrosis in acute pancreatitis reduces mortality and sepsis
- Antibiotic prophylaxis in severe acute pancreatitis- what are the facts? Slavin, J.; Neoptolemos, J. P. // Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery;Apr2001, Vol. 386 Issue 2, p155
After acute pancreatitis, sepsis secondary to infected pancreatic necrosis is the main cause of late stage death. Routine prophylactic antibiotic use following a severe attack of pancreatitis has been proposed but remains contentious. Three recent randomised controlled studies compared routine...
- Non-invasive mechanical ventilation and mortality in elderly immunocompromised patients hospitalized with pneumonia: a retrospective cohort study. Johnson, Christopher S.; Frei, Christopher R.; Metersky, Mark L.; Anzueto, Antonio R.; Mortensen, Eric M. // BMC Pulmonary Medicine;2014, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p1
Background Mortality after pneumonia in immunocompromised patients is higher than for immunocompetent patients. The use of non-invasive mechanical ventilation for patients with severe pneumonia may provide beneficial outcomes while circumventing potential complications associated with invasive...
- Acute necrotising pancreatits: Current Concepts. Raul, Subrat Kumar // Indian Journal of Surgery;Apr2005, Vol. 67 Issue 2, p78
Pancreatic necrosis represents a severe form of acute pancreatitis. The morbidity and mortality associated with acute pancreatitis are substantially higher when necrosis is present especially when the area of necrosis is also infected. Despite a relative shortage of randomized clinical trials,...
- Appropriate antimicrobial therapy reduced mortality rates in A. baumannii. // Infectious Disease News;Sep2012, Vol. 25 Issue 9, p32
The article reports on the improvement in the mortality rates linked with Acinetobacter baumannii bacteremia in severely ill patients with appropriate antimicrobial therapy.
- Combination treatment shows no reduced mortality in P. aeruginosa. // Infectious Disease News;Aug2013, Vol. 26 Issue 8, p25
The article discusses the mortality risk in patients with Pseudomonas aeruginosa bloodstream infections that references a study by researcher from the Spanish Network for Research in Infectious disease, that found the recommended treatment with combination antimicrobial did not reduce the risk.
- The 2005 Garrod Lecture: The changing access of patients to antibiotics - for better or worse? // Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (JAC);Mar2007, Vol. 59 Issue 3, p333
Expanding the range of health professionals who can supply prescription medicines has been a policy of the UK National Health Service (NHS) since 2000, the most recent change being the establishment of nurse and pharmacist independent prescribers. In addition, patients now have a wider choice of...
- Rising Threat of Infections Unfazed by Antibiotics. Pollack, Andrew // Tennessee Tribune;3/4/2010, Vol. 21 Issue 9, p4B
The article offers information about the bacteria, Acinetobacter baumannii, which kills thousands of hospitals patients every year.
- Antimicrobial Sensitivity in Enterobacteria from AIDS Patients, Zambia. Mwansa, James; Mutela, Kabanga; Zulu, Isaac; Amadi, Beatrice; Kelly, Paul // Emerging Infectious Diseases;Jan2002, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p92
Focuses on a study which determined antimicrobial sensitivity in enterobacteria from AIDS patients in Zambia. Patients and methods; Results; Conclusions.
- Clinical efficacy of granulocyte transfusion therapy in patients with neutropenia-related infections. Lee, J-J; Chung, I-J; Park, M-R; Kook, H; Hwang, T-J; Ryang, D-W; Kim, H-J // Leukemia (08876924);Feb2001, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p203
Granulocyte transfusions have been advocated by some for the treatment of severe, progressive infections in neutropenic patients who fail to respond to antimicrobial agents and recombinant hematopoietic growth factors. We conducted the current study to determine an appropriate method of...