Dysarthric Sentence Intelligibility: Contribution of Iconic Gestures and Message Predictiveness
- Quantifying Speech Rhythm Abnormalities in the Dysarthrias. Liss, Julie M.; White, Laurence; Mattys, Sven L.; Lansford, Kaitlin; Lotto, Andrew J.; Spitzer, Stephanie M.; Caviness, John N. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2009, Vol. 52 Issue 5, p1334
Purpose: In this study, the authors examined whether rhythm metrics capable of distinguishing languages with high and low temporal stress contrast also can distinguish among control and dysarthric speakers of American English with perceptually distinct rhythm patterns. Methods: Acoustic measures...
- A Nonword Repetition Task for Speakers With Misarticulations: The Syllable Repetition Task (SRT). Shriberg, Lawrence D.; Lohmeier, Heather L.; Campbell, Thomas F.; Dollaghan, Christine A.; Green, Jordan R.; Moore, Christopher A. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2009, Vol. 52 Issue 5, p1189
Purpose: Conceptual and methodological confounds occur when non(sense) word repetition tasks are administered to speakers who do not have the target speech sounds in their phonetic inventories or who habitually misarticulate targeted speech sounds. In this article, the authors (a) describe a...
- Direct Magnitude Estimation of Articulation Rate in Boys With Fragile X Syndrome. Zajac, David J.; Harris, Adrianne A.; Roberts, Joanne E.; Martin, Gary E. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2009, Vol. 52 Issue 5, p1370
Purpose: To compare the perceived articulation rate of boys with fragile X syndrome (FXS) with that of chronologically age-matched (CA) boys and to determine segmental and/or prosodic factors that account for perceived rate. Method: Ten listeners used direct magnitude estimation procedures to...
- Intonation Contrast in Cantonese Speakers With Hypokinetic Dysarthria Associated With Parkinson's Disease. Ma, Joan K.-Y.; Whitehill, Tara L.; So, Susanne Y.-S. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2010, Vol. 53 Issue 4, p836
Purpose: Speech produced by individuals with hypokinetic dysarthria associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by a number of features including impaired speech prosody. The purpose of this study was to investigate intonation contrasts produced by this group of speakers. Method:...
- GLIMPSES INTO THE SPEAKING BRAIN. Ackermann, Hermann // ASHA Leader;9/4/2007, Vol. 12 Issue 12, p10
The article discusses the use of positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to examine brain activity in speech production. PET uses radioactive decay of positrons to measure changes in blood flow, indicating neural activity. MRIs detect endogenous tissue contrasts...
- THE GENERALIZATION THROUGH THE TREATMENT WITH FRICATIVES: FAVORABLE ENVIRONMENTS VERSUS UNFAVORABLE AND NEUTRAL ENVIRONMENTS. Wiethan, Fernanda Marafiga; Mota, Helena Bolli // Revista CEFAC;mai/jun2014, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p1021
The aim of this study was to analyze and compare the occurrence and the types of generalization observed through the treatment of the fricatives /z/, /âˆ«/ and /Ê’/ in two groups of children, one using words with favorable phonological contexts and another with unfavorable and neutral...
- Kids helping kids. // U.S. Kids;Jul/Aug98, Vol. 11 Issue 5, p38
Deals with the problem of of pronouncing some letters and words. Solutions given by `Kids Helping Kids' panel from Newport Middle School in Newport, Pennsylvania.
- Abstracts of recent literature. J.D.S. // Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development;Spring91, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p101
Presents an abstract of an article entitled `The Effect of Rate Control on the Intelligibility and Naturalness of Dysarthric Speech,' by K.M. Yorkston, V.L. Hammen, et al, reprinted from the 1990 issue of `Journal of Speech and Hearing and Hearing Research.'
- Listeners' reactions to misarticulation: A methodological investigation. Small, Larry H.; Burroughs, Elizabeth I. // Perceptual & Motor Skills;Oct95, Vol. 81 Issue 2, p504
Presents the findings of the study which examined whether an error within the final five words would generate ratings different from those observed when the error occurred in the initial five words. Method employed; Discussion on the same.