Die-upset hybrid Pr–Fe–B nanocomposite magnets

Gabay, A.M.; Zhang, Y.; Hadjipanayis, G.C.
July 2004
Applied Physics Letters;7/19/2004, Vol. 85 Issue 3, p446
Academic Journal
Anisotropic nanocomposite R–Fe–B/Fe magnets (R=Pr, Tb) were synthesized by hot pressing and subsequent die upsetting blends of R-rich and R-lean melt-spun ribbons. The magnets have a layered structure, in which alternating layers of the two starting alloys lay perpendicularly to the pressing direction. A crystallographic alignment of the R2Fe14B grains is observed in the R-rich layers, whose microstructure is identical to that of the conventional die-upset magnets. The R-lean layers consisting of exchange-coupled R2Fe14B and α-Fe grains retain the random crystallographic orientation. The obtained bulk R-lean magnets show better properties than magnets of the same overall composition prepared from a single alloy.


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