Flower morphological diversity of cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum Presl) in Matara District, Sri Lanka

Azad, Rumana; Kumara, K. L. Wasantha; Senanayake, Gamini; Ranawaka, R. A. A. K.; Pushpakumara, D. K. N. G.; Geekiyanage, Sudarshanee
January 2018
Open Agriculture;Jan2018, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p236
Academic Journal
The cinnamon flowers exhibit protogynous dichogamy with 2 flower types "Type A" and "Type B" which first flowers during morning and evening respectively. This floral cycle causes a temporal barrier to the maintenance of elite breeding material and for hybridization with desired parents. Determination of variation in flower and inflorescence morphology can shed light on functional diversity in "Type A" and "Type B' flowers. In order to study these variations, a survey of cultivated cinnamon lands and wild habitats was conducted in fifteen locations in the Matara district. Peduncle length (PDL), flower length (FL), flower width (FW), and floral tube length (FTL) varied among cinnamon accessions collected. The variation in tepal shape was distinct: the two whorls of tepals of a single flower exhibited two shapes. The current investigation of differences in inflorescence, floral morphology and floral abnormalities of Cinnamomum verum provides information about their diversity, and recommends molecular analysis to further determine the genetic basis of two flower types in progynous dichogamy.


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