TITLE

Early identification of acute kidney injury in Russell’s viper (Daboia russelii) envenoming using renal biomarkers

AUTHOR(S)
Ratnayake, Indira; Mohamed, Fahim; Buckley, Nicholas A.; Gawarammana, Indika B.; Dissanayake, Dhammika M.; Chathuranga, Umesh; Munasinghe, Mahesh; Maduwage, Kalana; Jayamanne, Shaluka; Endre, Zoltan H.; Isbister, Geoffrey K.
PUB. DATE
July 2019
SOURCE
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases;7/1/2019, Vol. 13 Issue 7, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major complication of snake envenoming, but early diagnosis remains problematic. We aimed to investigate the time course of novel renal biomarkers in AKI following Russell’s viper (Daboia russelii) bites. Methodology/Principal findings: We recruited a cohort of patients with definite Russell’s viper envenoming and collected serial blood and urine samples on admission (<4h post-bite), 4-8h, 8-16h, 16-24h, 1 month and 3 months post-bite. AKI stage (1–3) was defined using the Acute Kidney Injury Network criteria. AKI stages (1–3) were defined by the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) criteria. There were 65 Russell’s viper envenomings and 49 developed AKI: 24 AKIN stage 1, 13 stage 2 and 12 stage 3. There was a significant correlation between venom concentrations and AKI stage (p = 0.007), and between AKI stage and six peak biomarker concentrations. Although most biomarker concentrations were elevated within 8h, no biomarker performed well in diagnosing AKI <4h post-bite. Three biomarkers were superior to serum creatinine (sCr) in predicting AKI (stage 2/3) 4-8h post-bite: serum cystatin C (sCysC) with an area under the receiver operating curve (AUC-ROC), 0.78 (95%CI:0.64–0.93), urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL), 0.74 (95%CI:0.59–0.87) and urine clusterin (uClu), 0.81 (95%CI:0.69–0.93). No biomarker was better than sCr after 8h. Six other urine biomarkers urine albumin, urine beta2-microglobulin, urine kidney injury molecule-1, urine cystatin C, urine trefoil factor-3 and urine osteopontin either had minimal elevation, and/or minimal prediction for AKI stage 2/3 (AUC-ROC<0.7). Conclusions/Significance: AKI was common and sometimes severe following Russell’s viper bites. Three biomarkers uClu, uNGAL and sCysC, appeared to become abnormal in AKI earlier than sCr, and may be useful in early identification of envenoming.
ACCESSION #
137260566

 

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