Efficient light absorption in metal–semiconductor–metal nanostructures

Collin, Stéphane; Pardo, Fabrice; Teissier, Roland; Pelouard, Jean-Luc
July 2004
Applied Physics Letters;7/12/2004, Vol. 85 Issue 2, p194
Academic Journal
A nanoscale metal–semiconductor grating is proposed for efficient and ultrafast photodetection. Theoretical and experimental results of efficient absorption in nanoscopic semiconductor wires are presented. The strong confinement of light in subwavelength metal–semiconductor gratings is achieved by Fabry–Pérot resonances involving vertical transverse magnetic surface-plasmon waves and transverse electric guided waves. Photodetectors have been fabricated with 40×100 nm cross sections of Ag and GaAs wires. The reflectivity and photocurrent mesurements are in good agreement with theoretical estimates.


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