TITLE

Prevalence and caries-related risk factors in schoolchildren of 12- and 15-year-old: a cross-sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Obregón-Rodríguez, N.; Fernández-Riveiro, P.; Piñeiro-Lamas, M.; Smyth-Chamosa, E.; Montes-Martínez, A.; Suárez-Cunqueiro, M. M.
PUB. DATE
June 2019
SOURCE
BMC Oral Health;6/18/2019, Vol. 19 Issue 1, pN.PAG
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: To assess the prevalence and severity of caries in 12- and 15-year-old schoolchildren, and to analyse the related risk factors. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study on a random sample of 1843 schoolchildren aged 12 and 15 from Galicia (northwest of Spain). Self-administered questionnaire and dental clinical examination were performed to obtain information about oral health habits, dental caries and oral hygiene. A logistic regression model including dental-caries-related variables was generated for each age group. Results: The respective findings for 12- and 15-years-old were as follows: decayed, missing, filled teeth index both for permanent and temporary dentition (DMFT/dmft) of 0.89 (95% CI, 0.87–0.91) and 1.38 (95% CI, 1.33–1.43), respectively; caries prevalence 39.6% (95% CI, 36.3–42.9) and 51.7% (95% CI, 48.0–55.4), respectively. In the 12-year-old group, individuals who occasionally, never or hardly ever brushed their teeth had higher values of caries (OR = 1.83, 95% CI 1.07–3.15, and OR = 9.14, 95% CI1.63–51.17, respectively). Also, the presence of plaque on more than 1/3 gingival was statistically associated with an increase of caries (OR = 2.03; 95% CI, 1.11–3.70), and living in a rural environment was a risk factor (OR = 1.3; 95% CI,1.02–1.80). In the 15-year-old group, higher caries risk was found when brushing was performed once a day (OR = 1.61; 95% CI,1.03–2.50), and among individuals who visited private clinics (OR = 1.77; 95% CI, 1.17–2.66), while electric toothbrush was associated with a lower caries risk (OR = 0.50; 95% CI, 0.29–0.86). Conclusions: This study revealed that risk factors of dental caries showed differences in schoolchildren of 12- and 15-year-old. Strongest evidence related to caries in 12-year-old group were found in frequency of toothbrushing and dental plaque. In 15-year old group, electric toothbrush, time since the last visit to the dentist and type of dental care (public/private) had a stronger association with dental caries. Caries prevalence and mean DMFT/dmft increased from 12- to 15-year-old, in spite of improvement in oral hygiene at the age of 15.
ACCESSION #
137075355

 

Related Articles

  • Asociacion del nivel de riesgo familiar total y caries dental en escolares de La Boquilla, Cartagena. DÍAZ CÁRDENAS, SHYRLEY; RAMOS MARTÍNEZ, KETTY; ARRIETA VERGARA, KATHERINE MARGARITA // Avances en Enfermeria;jul-dic2013, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p43 

    Objective: To associate dental caries with total family risk level of the school from Boquilla, Cartagena. Methods: Cross-sectional study in 202 schools. Prevalence was evaluated clinically, experience and severity of dental caries (COP index, ICDAS II) in school and through a questionnaire...

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnoea in Children and Adolescents with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. Stöberl, Anna S.; Gaisl, Thomas; Giunta, Cecilia; Sievi, Noriane A.; Singer, Florian; Möller, Alexander; Rohrbach, Marianne; Kohler, Malcolm // Respiration;May2019, Vol. 97 Issue 4, p284 

    Background: In Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), a group of monogenic disorders affecting connective tissues, obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is highly prevalent in adults. The prevalence of OSA in children with EDS is unknown. Objectives:...

  • Factors contributing to severe early childhood caries in south-west Germany. Bissar, A.; Schiller, P.; Wolff, A.; Niekusch, U.; Schulte, A. // Clinical Oral Investigations;Jun2014, Vol. 18 Issue 5, p1411 

    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the contribution of selected variables to the occurrence of severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) in 3- to 5-year-old kindergarten children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2010 in 30 randomly selected kindergartens in the...

  • Predictors of Dental caries among children 7-14 years old in Northwest Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study. Ayele, Fenta A.; Taye, Belaynew W.; Ayele, Tadesse A.; Gelaye, Kassahun A. // BMC Oral Health;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Dental caries in children remains a significant public health problem. It is a disease with multifactorial causes. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of dental caries among children between 7 to 14 years old. Methods: A community based...

  • Social Conditions and High Levels of Dental Caries in Five-year-old Children in Brazil. Dantas Cabral de Melo, Márcia M.; Vieira de Souza, Wayner; Tavares, Maria Cristina; Carvalho de Lima, Maria Luiza; Jamelli, Silvia; Lindoso Couto, Geraldo Bosco // Journal of Dentistry for Children;Jan-Apr2015, Vol. 82 Issue 1, p29 

    Purpose: To identify factors associated with dental caries experience in at least four primary teeth in five-year-old Brazilian children. Methods: his was a case-control study, part of a prior investigation of the prevalence of dental caries in the primary dentition of five-year-old children...

  • Prevalence of presbyopia in a rural African community. Uche, J. N.; Ezegwui, I. R.; Uche, E.; Onwasigwe, E. N.; Umeh, R. E.; Onwasigwe, C. N. // Rural & Remote Health;Jul-Sep2014, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p1 

    Introduction: When presbyopia (loss of accommodation of the crystalline lens with increasing age) sets in, doing near work becomes associated with headache and eye strain. Reading and writing become a challenge. Literacy levels may be low in rural communities; nevertheless some work other than...

  • Knowledge, attitudes and practices of sweet food and beverage consumption and its association with dental caries among schoolchildren in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. Quadri, F. A.; Hendriyani, H.; Pramono, A.; Jafer, M. // Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal;Jun2015, Vol. 21 Issue 6, p403 

    The prevalence of dental decay is expected to rise in many developing countries due to the growing consumption of sugars. This study aimed to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices of sweet food and beverage consumption among schoolchildren in Jazan, Saudi Arabia and to determine the...

  • Association between knowledge of caries preventive practices, preventive oral health habits of parents and children and caries experience in children resident in sub-urban Nigeria. Folayan, Morenike O.; Kolawole, Kikelomo A.; Oyedele, Titus; Chukumah, Nneka M.; Onyejaka, Nneka; Agbaje, Hakeem; Oziegbe, Elizabeth O.; Osho, Olusegun V. // BMC Oral Health;2014, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p123 

    Background The objectives of this study were to assess the association between children and parents' knowledge of caries preventive practices, the parents' caries preventive oral health behaviours and children's caries preventive oral health behaviour and caries experience. Method Three hundred...

  • The prevalence of questionable occlusal caries. Makhija, Sonia K.; Gilbert, Gregg H.; Funkhouser, Ellen; Bader, James D.; Gordan, Valeria V.; Rindal, Brad; Bauer, Michael; Pihlstrom, Daniel J.; Qvist, Vibeke // Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA);Dec2012, Vol. 143 Issue 12, p1343 

    Background. Questionable occlusal caries (QOC) can be defined as clinically suspected caries with no cavitation or radiographie evidence of occlusal caries. To the authors' knowledge, no one has quantified the prevalence of QOC, so this quantification was the authors' objective in conducting...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics