Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea in adults
- Recurrent Clostridium difficile Colitis: Case Series Involving 18 Patients Treated with Donor Stool Administered via a Nasogastric Tube. Aas, Johannes; Gessert, Charles E.; Bakken, Johan S. // Clinical Infectious Diseases;3/1/2003, Vol. 36 Issue 5, p580
Clostridium difficile--associated diarrhea and colitis have emerged as major complications associated with use of systemic antimicrobials. In this study, the medical records for 18 subjects who received donor stool by nasogastric tube for recurrent C. difficile infection during a 9-year period...
- Laboratory diagnosis of toxigenic Clostridium difficile by polymerase chain reaction: presence of toxin genes and their stable expression in toxigenic isolates from Japanese individuals. Karasawa, Tadahiro; Nojiri, Takashi; Hayashi, Yasuhiro; Maegawa, Tsuneo; Yamakawa, Kiyotaka; Wang, Xing Min; Nakamura, Shinichi // Journal of Gastroenterology;1999, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p41
Abstract: Clostridium difficile causes pseudomembranous colitis and antibiotic-associated diarrhea. The definitive diagnosis of C. difficile infection is finally accomplished by the isolation of toxigenic C. difficile. However, only a small number of Japanese clinical laboratories are able to...
- Clostridium difficile: A reemerging pathogen. Calfee, David P. // Geriatrics;Sep2008, Vol. 63 Issue 9, p10
The article presents a study which examines the incidence and severity of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). An anaerobic, gram-positive, spore-forming bacterium, Clostridium difficile is associated with various conditions, such as pseudomembranous colitis, antibiotic-associated diarrhea,...
- Low Occurrence of Clostridium difficile in Fecal Samples Healthy Calves and Pigs at Slaughter and in Minced Meat in Switzerland. HOFER, E.; HAECHLER, H.; FREI, R.; STEPHAN, R. // Journal of Food Protection;May2010, Vol. 73 Issue 5, p973
Clostridium difficile is a cause of diarrhea and colitis in humans. The increase of incidence and severity of C. difficile infections in humans in past years is due, at least in part, to the emergence of more virulent strains (PCR ribotypes 027 and 078). Recent studies describe the occurrence of...
- Absence of Diarrhea in Toxic Megacolon Complicating Clostridium difficile Pseudomembranous Colitis. Burke, George W.; Wilson, Mary E.; Mehrez, Isaac O. // American Journal of Gastroenterology;Mar1988, Vol. 83 Issue 3, p304
We describe a patient with Clostridium difficile-associated pseudomembranous colitis who presented with toxic megacolon without diarrhea. The discussion includes a brief review of the literature, and suggests an important role for endoscopy in the diagnosis of pseudomembranous colitis...
- Diagnosis and Treatment of Clostridium difficile Colitis. // American Family Physician;7/1/1993, Vol. 48 Issue 1, p139
Summarizes the article `Diagnosis and Treatment of Clostridium difficile Colitis,' by Fekety and Shah from the Journal of the American Medical Association, dated January 6, 1993. Symptoms of pseudomembranous colitis; Complications; Diagnosis and treatment.
- Pseudomembranous colitis without diarrhea presenting clinically as acute intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Sheikh, Rafiq A.; Yasmeen, Shagufta; Pauly, Mary Pat; Trudeau, Walter L. // Journal of Gastroenterology;2001, Vol. 36 Issue 9, p629
Pseudomembranous colitis usually presents with diarrhea in a clinical setting of recent antibiotic use. It is uncommon to see it as a cause of obstipation and colonic pseudo-obstruction. We report an unusual case of an elderly woman with hypertension, congestive heart failure, chronic...
- Acute arthritis associated with Clostridium difficile colitis. Bolton, R.P.; Wood, G.M.; Losowsky, M.S. // British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition);10/17/1981, Vol. 283 Issue 6298, p1023
Examines of acute arthritis associated with Clostridium difficile colitis. Characterization of complications; Measurement of rheumatoid factor, antinuclear factor and plasma urate concentrations; Aspiration of the knee to make necessary measurement of concentrations.
- Spontaneous persistent pseudomembranous colitis related to Clostridium difficile in ishaemic bowel disease. Wu, Arthur // British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition);5/29/1982, Vol. 284 Issue 6329, p1606
Examines the pathogenesis of antibiotic-associated pseudomonas colitis. Contribution of Clostridium difficile for the development of the disease; Features of chronic ischemic bowel disease; Association between pseudomonas colitis and bowel disorder.