TITLE

Informed consent and the aftermath of cardiopulmonary resuscitation: Ethical considerations

AUTHOR(S)
Bjorklund, Pamela; Lund, Denise M.
PUB. DATE
February 2019
SOURCE
Nursing Ethics;Feb2019, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p84
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Patients often are confronted with the choice to allow cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should cardiac arrest occur. Typically, informed consent for CPR does not also include detailed discussion about survival rates, possible consequences of survival, and/or potential impacts on functionality post-CPR. Objective: A lack of communication about these issues between providers and patients/families complicates CPR decision-making and highlights the ethical imperative of practice changes that educate patients and families in those deeper and more detailed ways. Design: This review integrates disparate literature on the aftermath of CPR and the ethics implications of CPR decision-making as it relates to and is affected by informed consent and subsequent choices for code status by seriously ill patients and their surrogates/proxies within the hospital setting. Margaret Urban Walker's moral philosophy provides a framework to view informed consent as a practice of responsibility. Ethical considerations: Given nurses' communicative skills, ethos of care and advocacy, and expertise in therapeutic relationships, communication around DNAR decision-making might look quite different if institutional norms in education, healthcare, law, and public policy held nurses overtly responsible for informed consent in some greater measure. Findings: Analysis from this perspective shows where changes in informed consent practices are needed and where leverage might be exerted to create change in the direction of deeper and more detailed discussions about CPR survival rates and possible consequences of survival.
ACCESSION #
135206584

 

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