The pulmonary physician in critical care 8: Ventilatory management of ALI/ARDS

Cordingley, J. J.; Keogh, B. F.
August 2002
Thorax;Aug2002, Vol. 57 Issue 8, p729
Academic Journal
Current data relating to ventilation in ARDS are reviewed. Recent studies suggest that reduced mortality may be achieved by using a strategy which aims at preventing overdistension of lungs.


Related Articles

  • Testing Protocols in the Intensive Care Unit. Chiche, Jean-Daniel; Angus, Derek C. // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;2/13/2008, Vol. 299 Issue 6, p693 

    The authors reflect on testing protocols in the intensive care unit and on research involving clinical trials which examined alternative strategies for setting positive end expiratory pressure in ventilated patients with acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome. They suggest...

  • Fiberoptic bronchoscopy during noninvasive positive pressure ventilation delivered by helmet. Antonelli, Massimo; Pennisi, Mariano; Conti, Giorgio; Bello, Giuseppe; Maggiore, Salvatore Maurizio; Michetti, Vincenzo; Cavaliere, Franco; Proietti, Rodolfo; Pennisi, Mariano Alberto // Intensive Care Medicine;Jan2003, Vol. 29 Issue 1, p126 

    Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) during noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) delivered by helmet in patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) and suspected pneumonia. Design and...

  • Understanding SARS.  // Hudson Valley Business Journal;4/21/2003, Vol. 14 Issue 8, p13 

    Answers questions related to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Signs and symptoms of SARS; Transmission of the disease; Causes; Recommended medical treatment for SARS patients.

  • Protection from experimental ventilator-induced acute lung injury by IL-1 receptor blockade. Frank, J. A.; Pittet, J.-F.; Wray, C.; Matthay, M. A. // Thorax;Feb2008, Vol. 63 Issue 2, p147 

    Background: Clinical studies have shown that injurious mechanical ventilation is associated with increased airspace and plasma levels of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta); however, the potential therapeutic value of IL-1 inhibition in acute lung injury has not been thoroughly...

  • What do we treat when we treat ARDS? Yoshida, Takeshi; Boylan, John; Kavanagh, Brian; Boylan, John F; Kavanagh, Brian P // Intensive Care Medicine;Feb2016, Vol. 42 Issue 2, p284 

    The authors discuss intensive care practices related to treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), with reference to a study on the same by J.A. Lorente and others, as of January 2016. They state the conflicts over the definition of ARDS, and mention the use of diffuse alveolar...

  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Infection in Vaccinated Ferrets. Darnell, Miriam E. R.; Plant, Ewan P.; Watanabe, Hisayoshi; Byrum, Russ; St. Claire, Marisa; Ward, Jerrold M.; Taylor, Deborah R. // Journal of Infectious Diseases;11/1/2007, Vol. 196 Issue 9, p1329 

    Background. Development of vaccines to prevent severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is limited by the lack of well-characterized animal models. Previous vaccine reports have noted robust neutralizing antibody and inflammatory responses in ferrets, resulting in enhanced hepatitis. Methods. We...

  • Clinical value of pulse pressure variations in ARDS. Still an unresolved issue? Teboul, Jean-Louis; Vieillard-Baron, Antoine // Intensive Care Medicine;Apr2005, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p499 

    This article focuses on pulse pressure variations in acute respiratory distress syndrome. Volume responsiveness, which refers to the ability of the heart to increase its stroke volume in response to volume load, denotes the presence of a preload reserve. Pulse pressure variation over the...

  • Prevention of LPS-induced acute lung injury in mice by mesenchymal stem cells overexpressing angiopoietin 1. Mei, Shirley H. J.; McCarter, Sarah D.; Yupu Deng; Parker, Colleen H.; Liles, W. Conrad; Stewart, Duncan J.; Deng, Yupu // PLoS Medicine;Sep2007, Vol. 4 Issue 9, pe269 

    Background: The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a clinical complication of severe acute lung injury (ALI) in humans, is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. ALI is characterized by disruption of the lung alveolar-capillary membrane...

  • Model-based optimal PEEP in mechanically ventilated ARDS patients in the Intensive Care Unit.  // BioMedical Engineering OnLine;2011, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p64 

    The article presents a research paper which analyzes the feasibility of models that consider optimal level of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) for the treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients in the Intensive Care Unit. These methods of selecting PEEP offers a...


Read the Article


Sign out of this library

Other Topics