The Best Shape for a Crossdock

Bartholdi III, John J.; Gue, Kevin R.
May 2004
Transportation Science;May2004, Vol. 38 Issue 2, p235
Academic Journal
Within both retail distribution and less-than-truckload transportation networks crossdocks vary greatly in shape. Docks in the shape of an I, L, or T are most common, but unusual ones may be found, including those in the shape of a U, H, or E. Is there a best shape? We show that the answer depends on the size of the facility and on the pattern of freight flows inside. Our results suggest that many large crossdocks in practice suffer from poor design that increases labor costs on the dock.


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