Influence of pulse duration on the amorphization of GeSb thin films under ultrashort laser pulses

Wiggins, S. M.; Solis, J.; Afonso, C. N.
May 2004
Applied Physics Letters;5/31/2004, Vol. 84 Issue 22, p4445
Academic Journal
Laser-induced amorphization of crystalline, 25-nm-thick, Sb-rich GeSb films has been studied for pump pulse durations in the range from 100 fs up to 6 ns. The dynamics of the phase change has been investigated using real-time reflectivity measurements with picosecond time resolution performed with a streak camera. For pulses in the femtosecond regime, the time required to complete the transformation is of the order of ∼10–15 ns. When the pulse duration is increased to the 1.5–20 ps range, the transformation time decreases to values as short as 400 ps, while for nanosecond laser pulses amorphization is not achievable. This behavior is discussed in terms of the heat flow dynamics of the system and the influence of pulse duration on the initial supercooling and nucleation rate. © 2004 American Institute of Physics.


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