Direct current H- source for the medicine accelerator (invited)

Belchenko, Yu.; Savkin, V.
May 2004
Review of Scientific Instruments;May2004, Vol. 75 Issue 5, p1704
Academic Journal
A compact cw hydrogen negative ion source having reliable operation and a simplified maintenance is developed at Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics for a tandem accelerator of boron capture neutron therapy installation. The source uses a Penning discharge with a hydrogen and cesium feed through the hollows in the cathodes. Discharge voltage is about 60–80 V, current 9 A, hydrogen pressure 4–5 Pa, magnetic field 0.05–0.1 T, and cesium seed <1 mg/h. Negative ions are mainly produced on the cesiated anode surface due to conversion of hydrogen atoms. An optimal anode temperature is 250–350 °C. Negative ion beam current is directly proportional to the discharge current and to the emission hole area. A triode system for the beam extraction and acceleration system is used. The flux of accompanying extracted electrons was decreased by filtering in the transverse magnetic field. This electron flux was intercepted to the special electrode, biased at 4 kV potential with respect to the anode. Source stable cw operation for several hour runs was multiply tested. A H- ion beam with current up to 8 mA, beam energy 23 keV was produced regularly. Negative ion current of heavy impurities had a value of about 3% of the total beam current. Beam normalized emittance is about 0.3 π mm mrad and emission current density -0.1 A/cm2. A built-in cathode heater provides the operation quick start. © 2004 American Institute of Physics.


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