TITLE

Preferred Leadership of NCAA Division I and II Intercollegiate Student-Athletes

AUTHOR(S)
Beam, Joel W.; Serwatka, Thomas S.; Wilson, William J.
PUB. DATE
March 2004
SOURCE
Journal of Sport Behavior;Mar2004, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p3
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to examine the differences of student-athletes' preferred leadership behavior for their coaches based on gender, competition level, task dependence, and task variability. Four hundred and eight male and female student-athletes from four NCAA Division I and six NCAA Division II universities expressed their preferences using the Revised Leadership Scale for Sport (Zhang, Jensen, & Mann, 1997). A repeated measures MANOVA was performed on the preference scores among the variables of gender, competition level, task dependence, and task variability. The MANOVA also computed interactions. Fisher's LSDs were performed on all significant interactions. Among genders, male student-athletes showed significantly greater preferences for autocratic (p = .0209) and social support behaviors (p = .0271). Female student-athletes had significantly greater preferences for situational consideration (p = .0383) and training and instruction behaviors (p = .0478). There was a significant gender by task variability interaction for autocratic (p = .0170) and democratic behaviors (p = .0226). Independent sport student-athletes showed significantly greater preferences for democratic (p =< .0001), positive feedback (p = < .0001), situational consideration (p = .0005), and social support behaviors (p = .0001). No significant differences in student-athletes' preferences were found based on competition level. The results demonstrated differences in behavior preferences based on student-athlete characteristics of gender, task dependence, and task variability. Further investigations are needed to provide a full understanding of sport leadership behavior among NCAA Division I and Division II intercollegiate student-athletes.
ACCESSION #
13143071

 

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