Capacitor static voltage balance based on auxiliary-power supply pulse width control for MMC

Longfei Luo; Yanbin Zhang; Lixin Jia; Ningning Yang; Lixia Yang; Huihui Zhang
September 2018
IET Power Electronics;2018, Vol. 11 Issue 11, p1
Academic Journal
As one of the most potential converter topologies, modular multilevel converter (MMC) is widely used in high-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission systems. The capacitor static voltage imbalance during HVDC system start-up stage has become a key issue. This study presents a new capacitor static voltage balance method based on auxiliary-power supply (APS) pulse width control for MMC. The control signal of APS can be generated by comparing the modulation signal for voltage closed-loop control with the carrier signal with fixed frequency. An AND gate circuit is used to improve the APS Metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) driving circuits. Based on these circuits, the input current of APS can be regulated, and the capacitor voltage can be controlled. Since only the inherent sub-module (SM) APS is needed in this method, it has low hardware costs. The control strategy in this method is simple, and it has no restrictions on the SM number. This determines that the presented method has a wider range of application. Furthermore, the value of equalising resistor is increased, and the losses of SM and MMC are reduced in this method. Experimental results from the laboratory prototype verify the effectiveness of the presented method.


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