Methylation patterns define two types of hyperplastic polyp associated with colorectal cancer

Wynter, C V A; Walsh, M D; Higuchi, T; Leggett, B A; Young, J; Jass, J R
April 2004
Gut;Apr2004, Vol. 53 Issue 4, p573
Academic Journal
Aim: Hyperplastic polyps (HP) of the colorectum have traditionally been regarded as non-neoplastic lesions. Recent data implicate HP in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancers (CRC) characterised by extensive DNA methylation and microsatellite instability. The aim of this study was to identify morphological and molecular features that may characterises subtypes of HP with potential for neoplastic progression. Materials and methods: HP (22) clustering around distal CRC (group 1) were compared with HP (58) in subjects with hyperplastic polyposis (group II), DNA methylation was tested in methylated in tumour (MINT) loci (1, 2, 12, 31) and genes HPP1, MGMT, p14ARF, p16INK4a, and hMLHI. Results: Group II HP showed significantly more methylation than group I HP at all loci except MINTI and MGMT. Group II HP (termed HP variant) had the morphological features of the recently described "sessile serrated adenomas". Methylation of hMLHI was found most frequently in group II polyps that included foci of dysplasia (7/10) and in no group 1 lesions. Conclusion: The findings support the existence of morphological and molecular heterogeneity among HP and highlight a subset that is likely to have significant malignant potential.


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