Incidence and recurrence rates of colorectal adenomas estimated by annually repeated colonoscopies on asymptomatic Japanese

Yomaji, Y; Mitsushima, T; Ikumo, H; Watobe, H; Okamoto, M; Kowabe, T; Wada, R; Doi, H
April 2004
Gut;Apr2004, Vol. 53 Issue 4, p568
Academic Journal
Background: Whereas high recurrence rates of colorectal adenomas after polypectomy are widely recognised, little is known of the natural incidence in those with no neoplastic lesions initially. It is also known that single colonoscopy has a significant miss rate. Aims: To elucidate the incidence and recurrence rates of colorectal neoplasms from a large cohort of asymptomatic Japanese patients on the basis of annually repeated colonoscopies. Methods: A total of 6225 subjects (4659 men and 1566 women) participating in an annual colonoscopic screening programme and completing three or more colonoscopies were analysed during the 14 year period between 1988 and 2002. Patients were divided into three groups according to the findings of the initial two colonoscopies: 4084 subjects with no neoplosm, 1818 with small adenomas <10 mm, and 323 with advanced lesions, including carcinoma in situ, severe dysplasia, or large adenomas ≥ 10 mm. Mean age at the second colonoscopy was 48.8 years. Results: For all types of colorectal neoplasms, the incidence rate in those with no initial neoplasm was 7.2%/year whereas recurrence rates in those with small adenomas and advanced lesions were 19.3% and 22.9%/year, respectively. For advanced colorectal lesions, the incidence rate was 0.21%/year whereas recurrence rates in those with small adenomas and advanced lesions were 0.64% and 1 .88%/year, respectively. Colorectol neoplasms were in general more likely to develop in males and older subjects. Conclusions: Although recurrence rates after polypectomy were elevated, the incidence rates in subjects with no neoplastic lesions initially were quite high.


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