TITLE

The Interaction Between Vocabulary Size and Phonotactic Probability Effects on Children's Production Accuracy and Fluency in Nonword Repetition

AUTHOR(S)
Edwards, Jan; Beckman, Mary E.; Munson, Benjamin
PUB. DATE
April 2004
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2004, Vol. 47 Issue 2, p421
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Adults' performance on a variety of tasks suggests that phonological processing of nonwords is grounded in generalizations about sublexical patterns over all known words. A small body of research suggests that children's phonological acquisition is similarly based on generalizations over the lexicon. To test this account, production accuracy and fluency were examined in nonword repetitions by 104 children and 22 adults. Stimuli were 22 pairs of nonwords, in which one nonword contained a low-frequency or unattested two-phoneme sequence and the other contained a high-frequency sequence. For a subset of these nonword pairs, segment durations were measured. The same sound was produced with a longer duration (less fluently) when it appeared in a low-frequency sequence, as compared to a high-frequency sequence. Low-frequency sequences were also repeated with lower accuracy than high-frequency sequences. Moreover, children with smaller vocabularies showed a larger influence of frequency on accuracy than children with larger vocabularies. Taken together, these results provide support for a model of phonological acquisition in which knowledge of sublexical units emerges from generalizations made over lexical items.
ACCESSION #
13108152

 

Related Articles

  • TELLING TRUE STORIES.  // Scholastic Action (Teacher's Edition);9/22/2003, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p3 

    Presents a guide to teaching fluency in action.

  • Bilingualism 'Changes Lives' in North Korea.  // Language Magazine;Sep2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p16 

    The article discusses the increasing interest in foreign-language education in North Korea and discusses the economic benefits of gaining fluency in foreign languages.

  • Freedom Writers. Waugh, Rachel // Scholastic Action;1/15/2007, Vol. 30 Issue 8, p4 

    The article presents an classroom exercise on fluency.

  • Fluency in reading--Thirty-five years later. Grabe, William // Reading in a Foreign Language;Apr2010, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p71 

    Paul Nation's talents and interests extend well beyond vocabulary to include research on speaking, writing, classroom learning and teaching, reading, and fluency. In keeping with Nation's interests in fluency, extensive reading, and reading instruction, I outline current perspectives on reading...

  • Inversion as an artifact: The acquisition of topicalization in child L1- and adult L2-Dutch. Jordens, Peter // EUROSLA Yearbook;2006, Vol. 6, p101 

    Dutch is a so-called verb-second language, i.e. the finite verb typically occurs in second position with one constituent in initial position. The element in initial position is often the subject. However, if it is an adverb or an object, the subject occurs after the finite verb. This...

  • From letter names to word reading: The development of reading in kindergarten. Ritchey, Kristen D. // Reading Research Quarterly;Oct-Dec2004, Vol. 39 Issue 4, p374 

    Examines the development of several sublexical fluency skills over the second semester of kindergarten and identifies the predictors of fluency level and growth. Variation in level and growth for each skill; Ratings of academic competence; Analysis of predictors.

  • An artist and educator will soon graduate with fluency. ROWE, DANIEL J. // Eastern Door;4/18/2014, Vol. 23 Issue 15, p13 

    The article offers views from Kahnawake, Quebec artist and educator Margaret Tekaronhiahkhwa Standup concerning the Kanienkeha Ratiwennahnirats Adult Immersion Program in which she learned her language and gained a greater understanding of her culture.

  • Part II -- Fluency: A Missing Piece of the Puzzle? Kiley, Therese J.; Jensen, Rita // Illinois Reading Council Journal;Summer2006, Vol. 34 Issue 3, p62 

    Discusses research being done on reading fluency. Ways to assess reading fluency; Assessment of the students' word-reading accuracy, reading rate and prosody; Efficacy of fluency instruction; Ways to promote fluency development.

  • Media Use, English Proficiencies, and Political Knowledge of New Immigrants in America. Dalisay, Francis // Conference Papers -- National Communication Association;2008, p1 

    Data were acquired from Princeton University's New Immigrant Survey to analyze the effects of English-language media use on the language proficiencies and political knowledge of 8,753 adult immigrants living in the U.S. Results indicated that use of English-language media in the U.S. predicted...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics