Role of Brownian motion in the enhanced thermal conductivity of nanofluids

Seok Pil Jang; Choi, Stephen U. S.
May 2004
Applied Physics Letters;5/24/2004, Vol. 84 Issue 21, p4316
Academic Journal
We have found that the Brownian motion of nanoparticles at the molecular and nanoscale level is a key mechanism governing the thermal behavior of nanoparticle–fluid suspensions (“nanofluids”). We have devised a theoretical model that accounts for the fundamental role of dynamic nanoparticles in nanofluids. The model not only captures the concentration and temperature-dependent conductivity, but also predicts strongly size-dependent conductivity. Furthermore, we have discovered a fundamental difference between solid/solid composites and solid/liquid suspensions in size-dependent conductivity. This understanding could lead to design of nanoengineered next-generation coolants with industrial and biomedical applications in high-heat-flux cooling. © 2004 American Institute of Physics.


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