TITLE

Enterotoxin B Is the Predominant Toxin Involved in Staphylococcal Scarlet Fever in Taiwan

AUTHOR(S)
Chih-Chien Wang; Wen-Tsung Lo; Chen-Fang Hsu; Mong-Ling Chu
PUB. DATE
May 2004
SOURCE
Clinical Infectious Diseases;5/15/2004, Vol. 38 Issue 10, p1498
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study retrospectively reviewed all pediatric cases of staphylococcal scarlet fever (SSF) that occurred during a 10-year period in a 1400-bed tertiary medical center in northern Taiwan. All 20 cases of SSF occurred in previously healthy individuals. Skin and soft-tissue infections predominated among children from whom Staphylococcus aureus was isolated. Polymerase chain reaction testing was used to detect known staphylococcal toxin genes, and of the isolates studied, most (18 [90%I of 20) contained only the staphylococcal enterotoxin B. One of the other strains was positive for staphylococcal enterotoxin A only, and the last strain was positive for both staphylococcal enterotoxin G and staphylococcal enterotoxin I. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis identified a small cluster of isolates (6 [30%] of 20) that were genetically related, but these strains came from epidemiologically unrelated patients during a 3-year period.
ACCESSION #
13077193

 

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