TITLE

Limitations to Successful Investigation and Reporting of Foodborne Outbreaks: An Analysis of Foodborne Disease Outbreaks in FoodNet Catchment Areas, 1998--1999

AUTHOR(S)
Jones, Timothy F.; Imhoff, Beth; Samuel, Michael; Mshar, Patricia; McCombs, Katherine Gibbs; Hawkins, Marguerite; Deneen, Valerie; Cambridge, Michael; Olsen, Sonja J.
PUB. DATE
April 2004
SOURCE
Clinical Infectious Diseases;4/15/2004 Supplement, Vol. 38, pS297
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
To better understand factors associated with confirming the etiologic organism and identifying the food vehicle responsible for foodborne-disease outbreaks, we examined data from outbreaks reported in 1998 and 1999 through active surveillance by Foodborne Disease Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) surveillance areas in 7 states. In 71% of these outbreaks, no confirmed etiology was identified, and in 46%, no suspected food vehicle was identified. Outbreaks involving ≥10 cases were significantly more likely to have their etiology identified than were smaller outbreaks. In two-thirds of outbreaks in which an etiology was not confirmed, no stool specimens were collected for laboratory testing; in 55% of these outbreaks, neither clinical specimens nor food samples were tested. If the etiology of and factors contributing to foodborne-disease outbreaks are to be understood, adequate resources must be available to allow specimens to be collected and tested and epidemiologic investigations to be conducted appropriately.
ACCESSION #
13046324

 

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