Burden of Self-Reported Acute Diarrheal Illness in FoodNet Surveillance Areas, 1998--1999

Imhoff, Beth; Morse, Dale; Shiferaw, Beletshachew; Hawkins, Marguerite; Vugia, Duc; Lance-Parker, Susan; Hadler, James; Medus, Carlota; Kennedy, Malinda; Moore, Matthew R.; Gilder, Thomas Van
April 2004
Clinical Infectious Diseases;4/15/2004 Supplement, Vol. 38, pS219
Academic Journal
To assess trends in the burden of acute diarrheal illness, the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) conducted a population-based telephone survey during 1998-1999, using a random-digit-dialing, single-stage Genesys-ID sampling method. During the 12-month study period, 12,755 persons were interviewed; after the exclusion of persons with chronic diarrheal illnesses, 12,075 persons were included in the analysis; 6% (n = 645) reported having experienced an acute diarrheal illness at some point during the 4 weeks preceding the interview (annualized rate, 0.72 episodes per person-year). Rates of diarrheal illness were highest among children aged <5 years (1.1 episodes per person-year) and were lowest in persons aged ≥65 years (0.32 episodes per person-year). Twenty-one percent of persons with acute diarrheal illness sought medical care as a result of their illness. Diarrheal illness imposes a considerable burden on the US population and health care system.


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