TITLE

Hospitalizations and Deaths Due to Salmonella Infections, FoodNet, 1996--1999

AUTHOR(S)
Kennedy, Malinda; Villar, Rodrigo; Vugia, Duc J.; Rabatsky-Ehr, Therese; Farley, Monica M.; Pass, Margaret; Smith, Kirk; Smith, Perry; Cieslak, Paul R.; Imhoff, Beth; Griffin, Patricia M.
PUB. DATE
April 2004
SOURCE
Clinical Infectious Diseases;4/15/2004 Supplement, Vol. 38, pS142
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Nontyphoidal Salmonella causes a higher proportion of food-related deaths annually than any other bacterial pathogen in the United States. We reviewed 4 years (1996-1999) of population-based active surveillance data on laboratory-confirmed Salmonella infections from the Emerging Infections Program's Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet), to determine the rates of hospitalization and death associated with Salmonella infection. Overall, 22% of infected persons were hospitalized, with the highest rate (47%) among persons aged >60 years. Fifty-eight deaths occurred, for an estimated annual incidence of 0.08 deaths/100,000 population. These deaths accounted for 38% of all deaths reported through FoodNet from 1996 through 1999, and they occurred primarily among adults with serious underlying disease. Although Salmonella infection was seldom listed as a cause of death on hospital charts and death certificates, our chart review suggests that Salmonella infection contributed to these deaths.
ACCESSION #
13045748

 

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