Room-temperature growth of a carbon nanofiber on the tip of conical carbon protrusions

Tanemura, Masaki; Okita, T.; Yamauchi, H.; Tanemura, S.; Morishima, R.
May 2004
Applied Physics Letters;5/10/2004, Vol. 84 Issue 19, p3831
Academic Journal
Glassy carbon was Ar+-ion bombarded with a simultaneous Mo supply under ultrahigh vacuum conditions using a microprotrusion fabrication system that consists of a differentially pumped ion gun and a seed-material supply source. Conical protrusions were formed by sputtering with a seed supply, and carbon nanofibers (CNFs) grew on the tips even at room temperature. The length of CNFs reached up to ∼10 µm, and their diameter was almost uniform (50 nm) in the growth direction. The short CNFs aligned in the ion beam direction, whereas the long ones were non-aligned. The CNF growth on a glassy carbon surface was ascribed to the enhanced surface texturing and to the massive redeposition of C atoms onto cones, both of which are specific to the oblique ion bombardment: The former would lead to an increase in the number of possible nucleation sites for the CNF growth, and the C atoms arising from the latter process would migrate toward the conical tips, thus forming CNFs.


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