TITLE

InGaN/GaN quantum-well heterostructure light-emitting diodes employing photonic crystal structures

AUTHOR(S)
Wierer, J.J.; Krames, M.R.; Epler, J.E.; Gardner, N.F.; Craford, M.G.; Wendt, J.R.; Simmons, J.A.; Sigalas, M.M.
PUB. DATE
May 2004
SOURCE
Applied Physics Letters;5/10/2004, Vol. 84 Issue 19, p3885
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Electrical operation of InGaN/GaN quantum-well heterostructure photonic crystal light-emitting diodes (PXLEDs) is demonstrated. A triangular lattice photonic crystal is formed by dry etching into the top GaN layer. Light absorption from the metal contact is minimized because the top GaN layers are engineered to provide lateral current spreading, allowing carrier recombination proximal to the photonic crystal yet displaced from the metal contact. The chosen lattice spacing for the photonic crystal causes Bragg scattering of guided modes out of the LED, increasing the extraction efficiency. The far-field radiation patterns of the PXLEDs are heavily modified and display increased radiance, up to ∼1.5 times brighter compared to similar LEDs without the photonic crystal.
ACCESSION #
13029128

 

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