Doppler Radar Wind Data Assimilation with HIRLAM 3DVAR

Lindskog, M.; Salonen, K.; Järvinen, H.; Michelson, D. B.
May 2004
Monthly Weather Review;May2004, Vol. 132 Issue 5, p1081
Academic Journal
A Doppler radar wind data assimilation system has been developed for the three-dimensional variational data assimilation (3DVAR) scheme of the High Resolution Limited Area Model (HIRLAM). Radar wind observations can be input for the multivariate HIRLAM 3DVAR either as radial wind superobservations (SOs) or as vertical profiles of horizontal wind obtained with the velocity­azimuth display (VAD) technique. The radar wind data handling system, including data processing, quality control, and observation operators for the 3DVAR, are described and evaluated. Background error standard deviation (σb) in observation space for wind and radial wind have been estimated by the so-called randomization method. The derived values of σb are used in the quality control of observations and also in the assignment of radar wind observation error standard deviations (σo). Parallel data assimilation and forecast experiments confirm reasonably tuned error statistics and indicate a small positive impact of radar wind data on the verification scores, for both inputs.


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