TITLE

Incidence, mortality and economic consequences

PUB. DATE
December 2001
SOURCE
Thorax;Dec2001 Supplement 4, Vol. 56, piv13
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The article focuses on the incidence, mortality and economic consequences of community acquired pneumonia (CAP). The annual incidence in the community is 5-11 per 1000 adult population. CAP accounts for 5-12% of all cases of adult lower respiratory tract infection managed by general practitioners in the community. The incidence varies markedly with age, being much higher in the very young and the elderly. The incidence of CAP requiring admission to hospital varies between 1.1 and 4 per 1000 population. The reported mortality rate of adults with CAP managed in the community in Great Britain is very low at less than 1%. The reported mortality rate of adults admitted to hospital with CAP in Great Britain has varied between 5.7% and 12%. A prevalence based burden of illness study estimated that CAP in Great Britain incurred a direct healthcare cost of 441 million pounds annually at 1992-3 prices.
ACCESSION #
12965149

 

Related Articles

  • Economic impact of community-acquired and nosocomial lower respiratory tract infections in young children in Germany. Ehlken, Birgit; Ihorst, Gabriele; Lippert, Barbara; Rohwedder, Angela; Petersen, Gudula; Schumacher, Martin; Forster, Johannes // European Journal of Pediatrics;Oct2005, Vol. 164 Issue 10, p607 

    Data on the economic burden of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in young children are lacking in Germany. The objective of the cost-of-illness study was to estimate the economic impact of community-acquired LRTI and nosocomial LRTI as well as of infections due to respiratory syncytial...

  • Health burden and economic impact of measles-related hospitalizations in Italy in 2002-2003. Filia, Antonietta; Brenna, Antonio; Panà, Augusto; Cavallaro, Gianluca Maggio; Massari, Marco; Ciofi degli Atti, Marta L. // BMC Public Health;2007, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: A large measles outbreak occurred in Italy in 2002-2003. This study evaluates the health burden and economic impact of measles-related hospitalizations in Italy during the specified period. Methods: Hospital discharge abstract data for measles hospitalizations in Italy during...

  • Exploring Household Economic Impacts of Childhood Diarrheal Illnesses in 3 African Settings. Rheingans, Richard; Kukla, Matt; Adegbola, Richard A.; Saha, Debasish; Omore, Richard; Breiman, Robert F.; Sow, Samba O.; Onwuchekwa, Uma; Nasrin, Dilruba; Farag, Tamer H.; Kotloff, Karen L.; Levine, Myron M. // Clinical Infectious Diseases;Dec2012 Supplement 4, Vol. 55 Issue suppl_4, pS317 

    Beyond the morbidity and mortality burden of childhood diarrhea in sub-Saharan African are significant economic costs to affected households. Using survey data from 3 of the 4 sites in sub-Saharan Africa (Gambia, Kenya, Mali) participating in the Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS), we...

  • Modeling the Association between Pneumococcal Carriage and Child-Care Center Attendance. Dagan, Ron; O'Brien, Katherine L. // Clinical Infectious Diseases;5/1/2005, Vol. 40 Issue 9, p1223 

    The article discusses the association between pneumococcal carriage and child-care center (CCC) attendance. Children attending CCCs are at increased risk for infectious diseases, the most common of which are respiratory infections. The increased rate of infection among CCC attendees not only...

  • Clinical pathway a road to reduced hospital admissions.  // PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News;7/1/2006, Issue 506, p4 

    The article discusses research being done on clinical pathway management. It references a study by M. Loeb et al in the June 7, 2006 issue of "JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association." Several nursing home patients with pneumonia or a lower respiratory tract infection were included...

  • Effects of a pharmacist-initiated educational intervention on patient knowledge about the appropriate use of antibiotics. Rodis, Jennifer L.; Green, Christopher G.; Cook, Stephanie C.; Pedersen, Craig A. // American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy;7/1/2004, Vol. 61 Issue 13, p1385 

    Discusses the effects of a pharmacist-initiated educational intervention on patient knowledge about the appropriate use of antibiotics in the U.S. Concern that antibiotic resistance can result in increased morbidity, mortality and health care costs; Association of antibiotic resistance with the...

  • The Impact of Weather on Influenza and Pneumonia Mortality in New York City, 1975-2002: A Retrospective Study. Davis, Robert E.; Rossier, Colleen E.; Enfield, Kyle B. // PLoS ONE;Mar2012, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p1 

    The substantial winter influenza peak in temperate climates has lead to the hypothesis that cold and/or dry air is a causal factor in influenza variability. We examined the relationship between cold and/or dry air and daily influenza and pneumonia mortality in the cold season in the New York...

  • The Impact of Weather on Influenza and Pneumonia Mortality in New York City, 1975-2002: A Retrospective Study. Davis, Robert E.; Rossier, Colleen E.; Enfield, Kyle B. // PLoS ONE;Mar2012, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p1 

    The substantial winter influenza peak in temperate climates has lead to the hypothesis that cold and/or dry air is a causal factor in influenza variability. We examined the relationship between cold and/or dry air and daily influenza and pneumonia mortality in the cold season in the New York...

  • Optimal vaccination to prevent pneumococcal disease? Plosker, Greg // PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News;11/24/2012, Issue 667, p5 

    The article focuses on several studies related to 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) for invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). Researchers in Malaysia have found that the said vaccine can lessen the burden of the disease. Studies in Brazil also show the potential of PCV13 compared...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sign out of this library

Other Topics